Sunday, June 25, 2017

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: June 25, 1855 – Gerard Fowke

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From Wikipedia (accessed on June 18, 2015):
Gerard Fowke (June 25, 1855 – March 5, 1933) was an American archeologist and geologist best known for his studies of Native American mounds.[1][2][3]

Born Charles Mitchell Smith in Charleston Bottom, Mason County, Kentucky, near Maysville, his parents were John D. Smith and Sibella Smith.[1][4][5] He was the eldest of five children and the only one to survive to adulthood.[1][4] Fowke's mother died before he reached ten years of age.[4] He spent his childhood in Kentucky and was raised by his father and other relatives.[2] In 1887, he legally changed his name to Gerard Fowke, naming himself after a prominent American ancestor of his maternal grandmother, Elizabeth Fowke.[1][6]

Early career
He worked as a bookkeeper and clerk in Nashville, Tennessee, before returning to Kentucky in 1873.[2][4] From 1873 to 1876, Fowke was a student and farmer in Kentucky.[4] In 1876, he moved to central Illinois, where he taught grammar school for two years.[2][4] He then taught in Brown County, Ohio, before taking a position as a grammar school principal in Sidney, Ohio, from 1879 to 1881.[2][4] In 1881, he took a class at Ohio State University in geology and archeology. After this course, he became interested enough in the subject to spend the rest of his life in the study of geology and archeology.[4]

Fowke's career in science began in 1883 when he studied geological formations associated with the Wabash, Arkansas, and Missouri Rivers.[1] The river he spent most of his time studying, though, was the Ohio River. During the course of his career, Fowke thoroughly investigated the geology of the Ohio River from its mouth to its source.[1] He studied Flint Ridge for the Smithsonian Institution, detailing his findings in the "Smithsonian Report" in 1884.[7] In 1886, he studied the archeology of the Monongahela River Valley of Pennsylvania.[2]

Fowke was hired by antiquities collector Warren Moorehead in 1889 to study Native American mounds in Ross County, Ohio. Working together with a team of laborers for about a month, the two excavated 12–15 Native American mounds.[8] Fowke worked for the Smithsonian Institution, under the Bureau of Ethnology, from 1885 to 1888, studying Native American sites in the eastern United States.[9] He searched for evidence of pre-historic settlements on Vancouver Island in Canada from 1896 to 1897.[9]

He travelled in Siberia on the Amur River, looking for evidence that East Asians migrated to North America to become Native Americans.[2] Working for the American Museum of Natural History of New York City,[10] he travelled to Vladivostok in 1898 with fellow researcher Berthold Laufer. The two spent several months together. They travelled the Amur River in Siberia by boat,[11] studying the Tungusic, Ainu, and Gilyak peoples. They took photos and recorded songs, and studied artifacts and native cultures.[12] The two researchers later split up, with Fowke continuing to travel the Amur River by canoe, accompanied only by a stranded sailor and a Tungusic native.[1][9][11] Fowke started this expedition from Victoria, British Columbia, sailing first to Japan, then Vladivostok, then Khabarovsk, Siberia. From there, he boated on a canoe for 700 miles along the Amur River to the Channel of Tartary, down the coast to the Sea of Okhotsk, then back to Nikolayevsk-on-Amur.[1]

From 1911 to 1916, he worked for the Missouri Historical Society, studying the geology of the Saint Louis, Missouri area. Before this, he had studied geology in Ohio. Fowke also worked for the Jefferson Memorial in Saint Louis, setting up a collection there of Native American relics. He rearranged them in 1926, and set up a new collection in 1930.[9]

In 1912, Fowke travelled to Guatemala, where he examined ancient mounds in the abandoned Mayan city of Quirigua. He travelled to the Hawaiian Islands, looking in vain for a pre-historic population.[1] Fowke spent several months examining pre-historic remains in Mexico, New Orleans, New Mexico, and the Carlsbad Caverns.[1] He was once given a grant of 2500 U.S. dollars, spending the money investigating the geology of Yellowstone National Park.[9] In 1926, he studied Native American burial mounds in the present day Marksville State Historic Site in Louisiana. Working for the Smithsonian Institution, he was the first archeologist to study the area and produce a detailed map.[13]

Fowke spent much of his life studying ancient mounds of rocks and earth, trying to prove the existence of a civilization that pre-dated what we currently understand to be the Native Americans.[9][14] He never found evidence of a civilization distinct from the later Native Americans. His 1902 book Archaeological History of Ohio, which summarized his research, helped to prove that these mounds were indeed made by the Native Americans.[9] His research was sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History of New York, the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Science, the Smithsonian Institution, and others.[4]

Fowke published at least 59 works during his career, mostly regarding his research on Native American archeology.[2] His publications appeared in numerous journals, newspapers, and magazines, including Science, Popular Science, and publications of the Smithsonian Institution.[2][10] Most of Fowke's research was done on foot. He walked an estimated 100,000 miles during the course of his career. He did geological or archeological research in nearly every state in the United States.[15] Fowke was a lifelong bachelor and died with no close kin.[4][9] He moved to Madison, Indiana, in 1922 and lived there the remainder of his life. Fowke died in King's Daughters' Hospital in Madison of natural causes at age of 78 and was interred in Springdale Cemetery in Madison, Indiana.[4]

1. Leahy, Ethel C. Who's Who on the Ohio River and Its Tributaries. Cincinnati: The E.C. Leahy Publishing Company, 1931. pages 422–3.Print.
2. Hansford, Hazel, and Logan. "Gerard Fowke(Charles Mitchell Smith)". Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. Volume 43 (1933) pages 20–23.Print.
3. "Gerard Fowke Found Dead". Madison Daily Herald.[Madison, Indiana] 6 March 1933.Print.
4. "Gerard Fowke Found Dead". Madison Daily Herald.[Madison, Indiana] 6 March 1933. Print
5. Necrology Scrapbook, Missouri History Museum Library, Saint Louis, Missouri
6. Fowler, Ila Earle. (1978). Kentucky Pioneers and Their Descendants (p. 9). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company.
7. Moorehead, Warren K. "A Narrative of Explorations in New Mexico, Arizona, and Indiana, Etc." Bulletin of Phillips Academy, Andover, Department of Archeology. Bulletin III.(1906): page 107. Print.
8. Moorehead, Warren King. The Field Diary of an Archeological Collector. Harvard University Tozzar Library, 1902. Pages 6–7.Print.
9. "Gerard Fowke, Noted Archeologist, Dies". Saint Louis Post Dispatch 10 March 1933, page 3B. Print.
10. Randall, E.O. Preface. Fowke, Gerard. Archeological History of Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State Archeological and Historical Society, 1902.Page iii. Print.
11. Bloch, Alexia, and Kendall, Laurel. The Museum at the End of the World: Encounters in the Russian Far East. University of Pennsylvania:2004. Page X. Print.
12. Shirina, Danara. "Jesup North Pacific Expedition". Encyclopedia of the Arctic. Volume 1, 2, and 3. New York: 2005. Page 1045. Print.
13. "Marksville State Historic Site."Louisiana Office of State Parks.State of Louisiana, 11 Sep 2013.Web.
14. Gerard Fowke, Archæological History of Ohio: The Mound Builders and Later Indians
15. "Gerard Fowke Dead". Madison Courier[Madison, Indiana] 6 March 1933. Print.
External links
  • Works by Gerard Fowke at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Gerard Fowke at Internet Archive
Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Fowke, G., & Ohio Historical Society. (1902). Archæological history of Ohio: The Mound builders and later Indians. Columbus, Ohio: Press of F.J. Heer.
571 F829, Special Collections Research Center

Fowke, G., & Archaeological Institute of America. (1910). Antiquities of central and southeastern Missouri : Report on explorations made in 1906-07 under the auspices of the Archaeological Institute of America(Bulletin (Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology) ; 37). Washington: G.P.O.
SI 2.3:37-38, Young Library - U.S. Government Publications (5th floor)

Smith, H., & Fowke, G. (1975). Cairns of British Columbia and Washington (Publications of the Jesup North Pacific Expedition ; v.2 pt.2). New York: AMS Press.
QH1 .A43 v.4 pt.2 1975, Young Library - Oversize Books (5th floor)

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: June 25 - Phyllis George

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From Wikipedia (accessed June 13, 2016):
Phyllis Ann George Brown (born June 25, 1949), Miss America 1971 and Miss Texas 1970, is an American businesswoman, actress, and former sportscaster. She was also First Lady of Kentucky from 1979 to 1983.
Early life
George was born to Diantha Cogdell and James George in Denton, Texas.[1] She attended the University of North Texas for three years until crowned Miss Texas in 1971.[2] At that time, Texas Christian University awarded scholarships to Miss Texas honorees. As a result, Phyllis left UNT and enrolled at TCU for several weeks until winning the Miss America crown later that fall. She is a member of Zeta Tau Alpha sorority.
Miss Texas 1970 and Miss America 1971
George was Miss Texas 1970 and was later crowned Miss America 1971 on September 12, 1970.[3] The Women's Liberation Front demonstrated at the event.[4] In August 1971, George traveled to Vietnam with Miss Iowa Cheryl Browne, Miss Nevada 1970, Vicky Jo Todd, Miss New Jersey 1970, Hela Yungst, Miss Arizona 1970, Karen Shields, Miss Arkansas 1970, Donna Connelly, and George's replacement after she was crowned Miss America, Miss Texas 1970, Belinda Myrick.[5] They participated in a 22-day United Service Organizations tour for American troops there. The tour began in Saigon.[5][6][7] Browne later commented that she thought "it was one of the last Miss America groups to go to Vietnam."[7] During her year-long stint as Miss America, George also appeared on numerous talk shows, including three interviews on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.[2]
CBS Sports
CBS Sports producers approached George to become a sportscaster in 1974. The following year, she joined the cast of The NFL Today, co-hosting live pregame shows before National Football League games.[8] She was one of the first females to have a nationally prominent role in television sports coverage.[9]
Another duty George had with CBS Sports was working on horse racing events, including the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes.[10] Additionally, George had a brief stint on a television news version of People in 1978[11] and a job as a morning television talk show host as co-anchor of the CBS Morning News in 1985.[12] Since that time, she has sporadically returned to the media spotlight, hosting her own prime-time talk show, 1994's A Phyllis George Special, on which she interviewed then-President Bill Clinton, and a 1998 talk show called Women's Day on the cable network PAX. George also appeared as a guest star on The Muppet Show in 1979.
CBS Morning News
In 1985, CBS settled on Phyllis George to serve as a permanent anchor for its morning news program. George was given a three-year contract following a two-week trial run.[13] As co-anchor, she interviewed newsmakers including then–First Lady Nancy Reagan.
Business interests
George has founded two companies in her business career, the first of which was "By George" chicken fillets. In 1988 after operating for only two years, George sold the company to consumer giant Hormel Foods, which agreed to operate it as a separate division.[14] In 1991, George received the "Celebrity Women Business Owner of the Year" from the National Association of Women Business Owners.[15]
In 2003, she created Phyllis George Beauty, which markets a line of cosmetics and skincare products through television shopping network HSN.[16][17]
She has also written or co-authored five books—three about crafts, one on dieting (her first book, The I Love America Diet, published in 1982), and her most recent, Never Say Never (2002).[18]
Personal life
George was previously married to Hollywood producer Robert Evans[19] and to former Kentucky Governor John Y. Brown, Jr., serving as Kentucky's First Lady during Brown's term in office. During her marriage to Brown, she had two children,[20] Lincoln Tyler George Brown and television reporter Pamela Ashley Brown.[21]
George was the founder of the Kentucky Museum of Art and Craft,[22] and is an avid folk and traditional arts collector. She is also a founding member of the Henry Clay Center for Statesmanship.
George resurfaced in 2000 when she played a minor character in the hit movie Meet the Parents.[23] It was one of her very few film roles.
On January 28, 2007, reporter Howard Fineman said on The Chris Matthews Show that George had moved back to Kentucky and was considering entering politics with either a run for governor in 2007 or a Senate race against Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell in 2008.[24] Neither event occurred. George's stepson John Young Brown III served as Kentucky's secretary of state from 1996-2004 and ran unsuccessfully for lieutenant governor in 2007.
On October 3, 2009, Verne Lundquist of CBS Sports said during the broadcast of the LSU at Georgia football game that George had moved to Athens, Georgia.

1. "Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997". Retrieved November 28, 2010.
2. "The Thrills and Trials of Being Miss America". Herald-Journal. 1971-08-08. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
3. There she is: From 1921 to 2014, see the Miss America pageant through the years:1971
4. Musel, Robert (1970-08-26). "Television in Review". The Bryan Times p. 16 (United Press International).
5. Associated Press (1971-08-11). "People in News". Kentucky New Era p. 23.
6. Cauley, Paul (1971). "Photographs by Paul Cauley, 1971 Door Gunner, A Co 101st Avn (Text by Belinda Myrick-Barnett)". Paul Cauley.
7. Davis, Shirley (2000-10-19). "History follows former Miss Iowa First black pageant winner recalls her crowning moment". Quad-City Times.
8. Perlmutter, Marty (1975-12-05). "Phyllis George Finds Her Career". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
9. "Gardner Set For High-Visibility Role". Toledo Blade (Dallas Morning News). 1987-12-26. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
10. "Miss America takes back seat to horses". Beaver County Times. United Press International. 1975-06-07. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
11. Thomas, Bob (1978-09-16). "Phyllis George wanted more than being female jock". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
12. "Phyllis George Quits". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. 1985-08-31. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
13. "Phyllis George enjoys first day as co-anchor". Milwaukee Sentinel. 1985-01-15. p. 3.
14. "George sells chicken". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 1988-08-20. p. 2AS.
15. Associated Press (1991-07-23). "From a queen to a company boss". St. Petersburg Times. p. E1.
16. "Chatting with Phyllis George". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 2004-12-05. p. 3G.
17. "Ex-Miss America Eyes Politics". New York Post. 2007-01-31.
18. "There she was and she was so nice". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 2002-10-11. p. 6 Life & Arts.
19. "Phyllis George Seeks Divorce". The Dispatch. Associated Press. 1978-04-03. Retrieved 2010-02-20
20. "Phyllis George seeks divorce from Brown". Ocala Star-Banner. 1997-12-09. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
21. "The Reliable Source". The Washington Post. 2007-03-29.
22. "Appalachian Artisan Center's first Spring Celebration". Hazard Herald. 2007-05-23.
23. "Phyllis Meets The Parent". New York Daily News. 2000-11-20.
24. "Ex-Miss America Eyes Politics". New York Post – Liz Smith. 2007-01-31.

External links
Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

George, Phyllis., and Linda. Kocur. Kentucky Crafts : Heartfelt and Handmade in Kentucky. 1st ed. New York: Crown, 1989. Print.
Fine Arts Library Book Stacks (NK835.K4 G46 1989)

George, Phyllis. Craft in America : Celebrating the Creative Work of the Hand. Fort Worth, Tex.: Summit Group, 1993. Print.
Special Collections Research Center Closed Stacks - Ask at desk on 2nd Floor for assistance (TT23 .G46 1993) 

George, Phyllis. Never Say Never : 10 Lessons to Turn You Can't into Yes I Can. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003. Print.
Special Collections Research Center Closed Stacks - Ask at desk on 2nd Floor for assistance (BJ1611.2 .G46 2003)

Saturday, June 24, 2017

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: June 24, 1904 - Edgar Tolson

Image from
SAAM (Smithsonian American Art Museum) - an album on Flickr

From The Kentucky Encyclopedia -
Wolfe County woodcarver Edgar Tolson inspired a lasting fascination and respect for unschooled art of the twentieth century. He was born near Lee City on June 24, 1904, son of James Perry and Rebecca (Maddox) Tolson. By turns a Baptist preacher, chairmaker, carpenter, cobbler, and coal miner, Tolson suffered a stroke in 1957. He then concentrated on carving wooden figures to entertain his children and repay his neighbors.

Workers in the federal War on Poverty met Tolson in the mid-1960s. Subsequently, his carvings appeared at the Smithsonian Institution Museum Shop and the Kentucky Guild of Artists and Craftsmen's fair. John Tuska and Michael Hall, art faculty members at the University of Kentucky , admired Tolson's "dolls," and Hall drew Tolson to the attention of a national audience. Tolson took part in the 1968 and 1973 Smithsonian festivals of folklife. He was also represented in the 1973 Whitney Museum Biennial of American Art. Tolson did carve secular subjects but is best known for renderings of Adam and Eve, depicting them variously in paradisal happiness, tempted by the snake, and expelled from the garden. Most of his pieces are of unpainted poplar.

Tolson's works have been collected by the National Museum of American Art, the Milwaukee Art Museum, and the Museum of American Folk Art. In 1981 he received an artist's fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts. In 1925 Tolson married Lilly Smith of Breathitt County and raised four children. Hulda Patton became his second wife in 1942; their marriage produced fourteen children. Edgar Tolson died September 7, 1984, in Manchester and lies buried in a family cemetery north of Campton.

JULIE ARDERY, Entry Author

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

The temptation : Edgar Tolson and the genesis of twentieth-century folk art / Julia S. Ardery.
NK9798.T65 A93 1998, Special Collections Research Center

Edgar Tolson : Kentucky gothic : [exhibition] / organized by Priscilla Colt.
N40.1.T65 C70, Fine Arts Library

Kentucky Folk Art Oral History Project [sound recording].
Special Collections Research Center - Oral History Collection

Friday, June 23, 2017

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: June 23, 1913 - Helen Humes

Image from

FromThe Notable Kentucky African Americans Database -   
Born in Louisville, KY, Humes made her first recording in 1927 in St. Louis. She then moved to New York and worked with the Vernon Andrades Orchestra. She replaced Billie Holiday in the Count Basie Band, recorded tunes for film and television, and appeared in the film Simply Heaven  [Langston Hughes]. Humes moved to California in the 1940s and when her career slowed in the 1960s, returned to Kentucky. Humes' career picked up in the 1970s. For more see Kentucky Women, by E. K. Potter; Contemporary Musicians, vol. 19, by S. A. McConnel. View Helen Humes with Dizzy Gillespie c.1947 on YouTube. Listen to the Helen Humes Oral History (includes transcript) at the University of Louisville Libraries.

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:
Jivin' in be-bop [video recording].
VR516, Fine Arts - Media Center

Songs I like to sing! [sound recording] / Helen Humes.
CD5191, Fine Arts - Media Center

The complete Decca recordings [sound recording] / Count Basie.
CD3547, Fine Arts - Media Center

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: June 23, 1876 - Irvin S. Cobb


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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia -
Irvin S. Cobb, journalist, fiction writer, and humorist, was born in Paducah, Kentucky, on June 23, 1876, the oldest son of Joshua and Manie (Saunders) Cobb. A war injury made it difficult for his father to support the family, who lived with Irvin's maternal grandfather, Dr. Reuben Saunders, a prominent citizen of Paducah. Irvin alternated between public and private schools in the area. Irvin left school when he was sixteen to support the family as an apprentice reporter for the Paducah Evening News. When the paper was sold in 1896, he became managing editor. His youthful recklessness provoked several lawsuits, and after a year he returned to reporting for the Louisville Evening Post. In his three years there, Cobb developed a statewide reputation as a trial reporter, enhanced by his coverage of the trial of the accused assassin of Gov. William Goebel (1900). He also became known as a humorous essayist -- the reporter's reporter.

In 1901 Cobb returned to Paducah as managing editor of the new Democrat. In 1904 he left the Democrat for New York City, to pursue his ambition of being a reporter on a major newspaper. He found work with the Evening Sun, and his successful reporting on the Portsmouth Peace Conference enabled him to move to Joseph Poultice's Evening Herald, where his reputation rose dramatically, bolstered by his coverage of the murder trials of socialite Harry Thaw in 1907 and 1908. Developing his natural talent for humor, Cobb published numerous articles, many in extended series such as " The Hotel Clerk." As Cobb's reputation grew, so did the stature of his byline and the number of his pieces that were syndicated nationally. His sociable demeanor gave him entry to the fashionable society of the day, from which he drew much of his material.

Cobb also began to write fiction, returning to the rural material of his Kentucky childhood. The Saturday Evening Post published his stories, and in 1912 he left newspaper journalism for the Post staff; shortly thereafter the Post published " Words and Music," the first of more than fifty short stories and novels of post-Civil War Paducah. Perhaps the best of these stories are in the early collection Back Home (1912). Sinclair Lewis wrote, "Cobb has made Paducah and all the other Paducah's -- in Kentucky and Minnesota and California and Vermont -- from which the rest of us come live in fiction."

In 1914 Cobb went to Europe to report on the war for the Post. The United States was still neutral, and Cobb's descriptions of Germany's strength and the war's devastation were the most vivid available to most Americans. Cobb and four companions slipped behind the German lines and were captured, but they were released unharmed.

On his return from Europe, Cobb embarked on a successful lecture tour of all states east of the Mississippi. Back in New York, he was honored by a banquet at the Waldorf-Astoria featuring a film biography, From Paducah to Prosperity, Or the Life of Irvin S. Cobb. His plans to return to covering the war were interrupted by the illness that prompted his best-seller, Speaking of Operations (1915), which literary historian Norris Yates has characterized as a landmark in the development of twentieth century American humor.

A supporter and friend of President Woodrow Wilson, Cobb reluctantly supported the nation's entrance into the war in 1917, and he returned to the front to report on the American soldier for the Post -- the most popular source of war information in America. Upon his return in 1918, Cobb took up the cause of racial tolerance. His admiring descriptions of black soldiers at the front made him a hero to black Americans, and he spoke at Carnegie Hall with Theodore Roosevelt in support of relief for black soldiers. He was honored by the blacks in Paducah in December 1918. Cobb became involved in activities to quell the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s, even returning to Paducah in 1922 to edit the Paducah News-Democrat for one day, running a strong anti- Klan editorial.

In the meantime Cobb continued his prodigious output of fiction and humorous essays, and in 1923 he left the Post for a similar position with Cosmopolitan. Fascinated with the potential of cinema, Cobb sold several scripts to Hollywood in the 1920s. In 1934 he and his family moved to California, where Irvin advised his friend Will Rogers on a movie, Judge Priest, based on Cobb's stories of a wily small-town jurist. In Hollywood Cobb served as a consultant on several films with Old South settings, was master of ceremonies for the 1935 Academy Awards, and played the Mississippi riverboat captain in the 1935 film Steamboat Round the Bend. He appeared in five other movies. In 1936 he had his own radio show, " Paducah Plantation," and later served as a regular on other shows.

Cobb's autobiography, Exit Laughing (1941), brought him a resurgence of national acclaim. Between 1900 and 1950, Cobb shared with U.S. Vice- President Alben Barkley the distinction of being the American celebrity most widely associated with his home state of Kentucky.

Cobb married Laura Spencer Baker of Savannah, Georgia, in 1900; they had one child, Elizabeth. Cobb died on March 10, 1944, and was buried in Paducah's Oak Grove Cemetery under a granite boulder inscribed "Back Home."

ANITA LAWSON, Entry Author

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Judge Priest [videorecording] ; Doctor Bull / Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, Inc.
AV-D7647, Young Media Library

Speaking of operations, and other stories, by Irvin Shrewsbury Cobb.
PS3505.O14 S6 1923, Young Library - 5th Floor

Exit laughing, by Irvin S. Cobb ...
PS3505.O14 Z5 1941, Young Library - 5th Floor

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: June 21 - Daniel Carter Beard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia -
(Accessed June 14, 2016)
Daniel Carter "Uncle Dan" Beard (June 21, 1850 – June 11, 1941) was an American illustrator, author, youth leader, and social reformer who founded the Sons of Daniel Boone in 1905, which Beard later merged with the Boy Scouts of America (BSA).

Early life
Beard was born in Cincinnati, Ohio into a family of artists.[2] As a youth, he explored the woods and made sketches of nature. His father was the artist James Henry Beard and his mother was Mary Caroline (Carter) Beard. His uncle was the artist William Holbrook Beard. He lived at 322 East Third Street in Covington, Kentucky near the Licking River, where he learned the stories of Kentucky pioneer life.

He started an early career as an engineer and surveyor.[3] He attended art school in New York City. He wrote a series of articles for St. Nicholas Magazine that later formed the basis for the The American Boy's Handy Book. He was a member of the Student Art League, where he met and befriended Ernest Thompson Seton in 1883. He illustrated a number of books for Mark Twain, and for other authors such as Ernest Crosby.

In 1908 while living in Redding, Connecticut, Beard was among those on hand to welcome Mark Twain upon his arrival to the author's new villa Stormfield.[4]

Beard became the editor of Recreation magazine and wrote a monthly column for youth. He founded the Sons of Daniel Boone in 1905, basing it on American frontier traditions. He later moved his column to Woman's Home Companion. After conflicts with a new editor, he moved to the Pictorial Review. Since Women's Home Companion retained the rights to the name, he simply renamed the organization to Boy Pioneers of America.[5]


Beard (right) with Scouting founder Robert Baden-Powell (seated) and Ernest Thompson Seton (left).

Beard merged his organization into the Boy Scouts of America when it was founded in 1910. Beard became one of the first National Scout Commissioners of the Boy Scouts and served it for 30 years. He later became the editor of Boys' Life magazine, the BSA official magazine, and wrote a monthly column for youth. The work of both Beard and Ernest Thompson Seton are in large part the basis of the Traditional Scouting movement.[6][7]

Beard also helped his sister organize the Camp Fire Girls. Beard was a Freemason in a New York Lodge, and an award for Masonic Scouters has been named in his honor.

Beard founded Boy Scouts Troop 1 in Flushing, New York, which is believed to be one of the oldest continuously chartered Boy Scout Troop in the United States.[citation needed] Beard became an Eagle Scout at the age of 64 on February 15, 1915.[8]

Daniel Beard in later life, with Boy Scouts. 

Prior to the establishment of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, Dan Beard was recipient of the only "gold Eagle badge" awarded at the Second National Training Conference of Scout Executives held in 1922 in Blue Ridge, North Carolina.[2]

Dan Beard was also involved with the Culver Academies' summer camp program for many years, which used his "Sons of Daniel Boone" program. This program still exists as the Academy's Culver Woodcraft Camp.

Beard died on June 11, 1941, shortly before his 91st birthday at his home Brooklands in Suffern, New York.[9] He was buried near his home at the Brick Church Cemetery in Spring Valley, New York.[10][11] The National Program Director of the Boy Scouts of America, E. Urner Goodman, was selected to be in charge of the beloved youth leader's funeral in Suffern. An estimated 2,000 people lined the funeral route to the cemetery in Monsey, New York, where 127 Boy Scouts formed an honor guard and assisted with traffic control.[12]

Honors and legacy
The Daniel Carter Beard Bridge carries I-471 across the Ohio River.[13] A life-size bronze statue of Daniel Carter Beard and a Boy Scout, created by world-renowned sculptor Kenneth Bradford, stands at 322 East 3rd Street in Covington, Kentucky, Beard's boyhood home. The nearby Daniel Carter Beard Boyhood Home is now a National Historic Landmark in the Riverside Drive Historic District.[14]

Junior High School 189 Daniel Carter Beard is located in Flushing, Queens, New York; the Daniel Carter Beard Mall is a nearby park. The Daniel Carter Beard Elementary School is located in Chicago, Illinois.

The Dan Beard Council is the administrative body of the BSA in the Greater Cincinnati area.[15]

Many Scout camps have sites named after Beard including Philmont Scout Ranch in New Mexico, Forestburg Scout Reservation in Forestburg, New York and Broad Creek Memorial Scout Reservation in Maryland. Other camps have programs named after Beard, such as the first-year camper program at McKee Scout Reservation in Kentucky.

The Forest Preserves of Cook County, Illinois, has long had a campground called Camp Dan Beard.

Freemasons in the U.S. offer the Daniel Carter Beard Masonic Scouter Award for Masons who are involved with Scouting. The BSA offers the James E. West Fellowship Award; an advanced level is the 1910 Society which in turn includes levels of contributions— the Daniel Carter Beard is recognized for a gift of at least $100,000.

Mount Dan Beard, a 10,082-foot (3,073 m) peak in the Alaska Range near Denali in Denali National Park and Preserve, is named after Beard.[16]


Captain Jinks, Hero, from the 1902 book of the same name by Ernest Crosby, illustrated by Beard. 

Beard's frontispiece for Twain's A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court.                                           

The American Boy's Handy Book (1882) (1903) still in print
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court by Mark Twain, (1889), illustrator, still in print
The American Boy's Book of Sport (1890)
The American Claimant by Mark Twain, (1892), illustrator, still in print
Moonlight and Six Feet of Romance (1892) still in print
The Outdoor Handy Book (1896) still in print
Following the Equator (1897) contributing illustrator
The Jack of All Trades: New Ideas for American Boys (1900) still in print
The Field and Forest Handy Book: New Ideas for Out of Doors (1906) still in print
Handicraft for Outdoor Boys (1906)
Animal Book and Campfire Stories (1907)
The Boy Pioneers: Sons of Daniel Boone (1909)
Boat Building, and Boating(1912) still in print
Shelters, shacks, and shanties. C. Scribner's Sons. 1920. Retrieved August 24, 2012. still in print[17]
The American Boy's Book of Bugs, Butterflies and Beetles (1916)
The American Boy's Book of Signs, Signals and Symbols (1918)
The American Boy's Book of Camp-Lore and Woodcraft (1920) still in print
The American Boy's Book of Wild Animals (1921)
The Black Wolf-Pack (1922)[18]
American Boy's Book of Birds and Brownies of the Woods (1923)
Do It Yourself (1925)
Wisdom of the Woods (1926)
Buckskin Book For Buckskin Men and Boys (1929)
Hardly A Man is Now Alive (1939) his

See also

Scouting portal
Scouting memorials


1.    White, James Terry; Derby, George (1930). "Beard, Daniel Carter". The National Cyclopædia of American Biography (New York: J. T. White) 33: 373–374. 
2.    Rowan, Edward L. (2005). To Do My Best: James E. West and the History of the Boy Scouts of America. Las Vegas International Scouting Museum. ISBN 0-9746479-1-8. 
3.    "Daniel C. Beard". Ohio History Central. Retrieved August 20, 2010. 
4.    Beard, Dan (January–June 1910). Mark Twain as a Neighbor. Review of Reviews and World's Work: An International Magazine 41. pp. 705–708. 
5.    Scott, David C. (June 2006). "Ernest Thompson Seton and BSA - The Partnership Collapse of 1915". International Scouting Collectors Association 6 (2): 10. 
6.    "Traditional Scouting". American Traditional Scouting. Retrieved July 18, 2007. 
7.    Rowan, Edward L. (December 2006). "Dan Beard, Founder of the First Boy Scout Society". International Scouting Collectors Association 6 (4): 28–29. 
8.    "Online Eagle Directory: Beard, Daniel Carter". National Eagle Scout Association. Retrieved December 3, 2009. (subscription required (help)). 
9.    June 12, 1941, New York Herald Tribune
10. Brick Church Cemetery aka Reformed Church Cemetery, Beard Family Plot - (Section D, Division 1, Plot 1, Grave 6),221 Brick Church Rd (Brick Church Rd and Hwy 306), Spring Valley NY 10977, 845-354-6785
11. Daniel Carter Beard at Find a Grave
12. "Scouts Officiate at Beard Funeral" (PDF). The New York Times. June 16, 1941. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
13. "Bridge to open". Kentucky New Era. Oct 28, 1976. p. 8. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
14. "Beard, Daniel C., Boyhood Home". National Historic Landmarks. National Park Service. Retrieved July 18, 2007. 
15. "Dan Beard Council". Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
16. "Mount Dan Beard". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved April 12, 2013. 
§  Shelters, Shacks and Shanties at Project Gutenberg
§  The Black Wolf Pack at Project Gutenberg

External links
Info on Beard from The Columbia Encyclopedia Works by Daniel Carter Beard at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Daniel Carter Beard at Internet Archive Works by Daniel Carter Beard at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)      Info on Daniel Beard Masonic Scouter Award     The Boy Pioneers: Sons of Daniel Boone full text     The Outdoor Handy Book     The American Boy's Handy Book     Field and Forest Handy Book     Shelters, Shacks, Shanties     DANIEL CARTER BEARD MALL     Info on Beard from Dan Beard Home     Full text of The American Boy's Book of Signs, Signals and Symbols,               J.B.      Lippincott Company, 1918.

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Beard, Daniel Carter. Shelters, Shacks, and Shanties and How to Build Them. New York: Skyhorse Pub., 2011. Print.
Design Library Book Stacks (TH4890 .B4323 2011)

Twain, Mark, and Daniel Carter Beard. Tom Sawyer Abroad. 1st ed. New York: C.S. Webster &, 1894. Print.
Special Collections Research Center Spec Coll Research Center - Childrens Books (PS1320 .A1 1894)

Stoddard, William Osborn, and Daniel Carter Beard. Inside the White House in War Times. New York: C.L. Webster &, 1890. Print.
Special Collections Research Center Closed Stacks - Ask at desk on 2nd Floor for assistance (E457 .S860 1890)