Tuesday, August 14, 2018

Birth dates of Notable Kentuckians: August 14, 1929 - Louise Slaughter



From Wikipedia
(Accessed August 14, 2018)

Louise Slaughter

Chair of the House Rules Committee
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by
David Dreier
Succeeded by
David Dreier
In office
January 3, 1987 – March 16, 2018
Preceded by
Fred J. Eckert
Succeeded by
Vacant
Constituency
30th district (1987–1993)
28th district (1993–2013)
25th district (2013–2018)
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the 130th district
In office
January 1, 1983 – December 31, 1986
Preceded by
Thomas A. Hanna
Succeeded by
Robert L. King
Personal details
Born
Dorothy Louise McIntosh
(1929-08-14)August 14, 1929
Lynch, Kentucky, U.S.
Died
March 16, 2018(2018-03-16) (aged 88)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party
Democratic
Spouse(s)
Robert Slaughter
(m. 1957; d. 2014)
Children
3
Education
University of Kentucky (BS, MPH)

Dorothy Louise McIntosh Slaughter (August 14, 1929 – March 16, 2018) was an American politician who served as a United States Representative from New York from 1987 until her death in 2018.

Slaughter was born in Lynch, Kentucky, and studied microbiology and public health at the University of Kentucky. After becoming involved in politics as a member of the Democratic Party, she was elected to a seat in the New York State Assembly in 1982, and Congress in 1986. Slaughter's district was based in Rochester and included most of surrounding Monroe County; it was numbered as the 30th District from 1987 to 1993, the 28th District from 1993 to 2013, and the 25th district from 2013 to 2018.

Slaughter served as the Chairwoman of the House Rules Committee from 2007 until 2011, and served as ranking minority member of the Committee from 2005 to 2007, and from 2011 until her death.[1] While in Congress, she supported legislation including the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act. At the time of her death in March 2018, Slaughter was the oldest sitting member of Congress, and was the last sitting member to have been born in the 1920s.[2]

Early life, education, and early political career
Slaughter was born Dorothy Louise McIntosh on August 14, 1929, in Lynch, Kentucky, a coal mining town built by a subsidiary of U.S. Steel. She is the daughter of Daisy Grace (nĂ©e Byers; 1903–1987)[3] and Oscar Lewis McIntosh (1901–1987),[4] a blacksmith for a coal mine.[5] She had two brothers, Philip and David, as well as two sisters, Marjorie and Virginia. Her sister Virginia died of pneumonia while she was a child; Slaughter later cited this as her reason for earning degrees in microbiology and public health.[6]

The family moved to Monticello, Kentucky, in Wayne County, and Slaughter graduated from Somerset High School, in adjoining Pulaski County. After graduating from high school, she enrolled at the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky, where she studied microbiology. After graduating with a bachelor's degree, she went on to earn a master's degree in public health, also from the University of Kentucky.[7]

After graduate school, Slaughter went to work for Procter & Gamble in New York doing market research. Already involved in community groups like the Scouting in New York and the League of Women Voters, Slaughter became increasingly concerned with local political and community issues. She was involved in a local environmental group, the Perinton Greenlands Association, which promoted recycling and opposed development of Hart's Woods. Slaughter decided to run for the Monroe County Legislature, winning on her third try. In 1975, while in the county legislature, she accepted an offer from then-New York Secretary of State Mario Cuomo to serve as his regional coordinator in the Rochester area. When Cuomo was elected lieutenant governor in 1979, Slaughter stayed on as his Rochester regional coordinator.[8]

In 1982, local Democratic supporters approached Slaughter with a desire to see her run to represent the 130th District in the New York State Assembly against the Republican incumbent, Thomas A. Hanna. Slaughter challenged Hanna, and she won with 52 percent of the vote.[9] In 1984, she ran for reelection against the Republican and Conservative parties' candidate Donald S. Milton.[10] She was reelected with 55 percent of the vote.[10] Slaughter sat in the 185th and 186th New York State Legislatures.[8]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections










Louise Slaughter meets with Albert Paley

After four years in the state assembly, Slaughter decided to run for the Democratic nomination in New York's 30th congressional district. At the time, the district included downtown and eastern Rochester, most of eastern Monroe County, all of Genesee County and northern Livingston and Ontario counties. Moderate Republican Barber Conable had represented the district for 20 years before giving way in 1985 to a considerably more conservative Republican, Fred J. Eckert. Slaughter defeated Eckert by one point in the 1986 midterm election.[6]

Redistricting after the 1990 census renumbered Slaughter's district as the 28th District and turned it into a much more compact district comprising a narrow ribbon in Monroe County. In the process, she picked up the remainder of Rochester. At the same time, the neighboring 29th District of 30-year incumbent Republican Frank Horton, a close friend of Slaughter's, was dismantled, and his home was drawn into the new 28th. The district had already been moving away from its moderate Republican roots, but the new territory made the district solidly Democratic. Horton opted to retire rather than run against Slaughter.[11]

After the 2000 census, much of her district was merged with the 29th District of fellow Democratic Representative John LaFalce, which included Niagara Falls and the northern third of Buffalo. Original plans called for LaFalce's district to be merged with that of Republican Jack Quinn, who represented the other side of Buffalo. The new district retained Slaughter's district number, but was geographically more LaFalce's district. Only a thin tendril in Orleans County connected Rochester to Buffalo. However, LaFalce did not seek a 15th term, effectively handing the seat to Slaughter.[12]



















Earlier official portrait

Following the 2010 census, Slaughter's district was renumbered as the 25th District. It was significantly more compact than its predecessor, as it took in most of Monroe County and lost its territory near Buffalo. However, it was also slightly less Democratic than her former territory. While President Barack Obama carried the old 28th with 69 percent of the vote, he only received 59 percent of the vote in the new 25th.[13] She faced a vigorous challenge from Republican Monroe County Executive Maggie Brooks, but Slaughter won a 14th term with 57.4% of the vote, on November 6, 2012.[14]

In the 2014 election, Slaughter narrowly defeated her Republican opponent, Gates town supervisor Mark Assini, by 869 votes. After an extended period of vote counting, Assini conceded defeat on November 12, 2014, more than a week after the election was held.[15][16] It was the first close race that Slaughter had faced since her initial bid for the seat. In a 2016 rematch against Assini, Slaughter prevailed by a 55.7%-44.3% margin.[17]

Tenure
In January 1987, Slaughter entered Congress. During her entire tenure, she was a "fierce advocate" for medical research, women's health, neurology and genetic rights.[18] In 1993, as a member of the United States House Committee on the Budget Slaughter secured the first $500 million earmarked by Congress for breast cancer research at the National Institutes of Health. Slaughter was also a co-sponsor of the National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act of 1993, and fought to ensure the legislation included language guaranteeing that women and minorities were included in all federal health clinical trials from that point forward.[19] Previously, all NIH-funded research was done on white males, even in trials related to predominantly female diseases such as breast cancer.[20] Slaughter fought to include language establishing an Office of Research on Women's Health at NIH in the legislation. Ten years after the creation of ORWH, the National Institutes of Health awarded Slaughter it's "Visionary for Women's Health Research" award.[21]

In 1994, along with Senator Joe Biden, Slaughter co-authored the Violence Against Women Act which is designed to reduce incidences of domestic violence in the United States and provide resources to victims.[6]



















Congressional letter on Sandra Fluke by Louise Slaughter

Along with Senator Christopher Dodd (D-CT), she introduced the Women's Progress Commemoration Act which established the Women's Progress Commemorative Commission in 1998.[22]

After the 2006 mid-term takeover of the House by the Democratic Party, Slaughter was chosen to serve as Chairwoman of the United States House Committee on Rules at the start of the 110th Congress. She was the first woman in history to chair the Rules Committee, and she served in that capacity until 2011.[1]

In 2007, Slaughter introduced the Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act (PAMTA), which would limit the use of antibiotics in livestock feed, to counter the threat of antibiotic resistant bacteria.[23] She has reintroduced her legislation in every subsequent session of Congress. The legislation would phase out the use of eight major classes of antibiotics in healthy food-producing animals, while allowing their use for treatment of sick animals.[24]

Slaughter strongly supported the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008. She introduced the bill repeatedly over a period of 14 years before it was signed into law on May 21, 2008. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act is designed to prohibit discrimination by employers or health insurers based upon an individual's genetic information.[25]

In 2009, Slaughter wrote to the United States Department of Defense requesting an investigation into faulty body armor after reading an article in The New York Times, entitled, "Pentagon Study Links Fatalities to Body Armor." The article authored by Michael Moss reported that up to 80 percent of Marines who were killed in Iraq from wounds to the upper body could have survived if they had extra body armor. Slaughter's request resulted in the Department of Defense launching an investigation, recalling 16,000 pieces of body armor and replacing them with safer armor.[26]

Slaughter was chairwoman of the United States House Committee on Rules during the writing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and managed the rule for the legislation on the House Floor. In March 2010, Slaughter proposed that a House rule be passed to expedite the passage of health care reform legislation. The rule allows the House to deem the Senate version of the health care reform bill "already passed" by the House without the House holding a recorded vote on the bill. Critics, who called the strategy the "Slaughter Solution", charged this proposed strategy was an affront to democratic principles and challenged its constitutionality.[27] Ultimately this legislative strategy was never used to pass the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act through the House.[28] Supporters observed that the courts had affirmed the rule's constitutionality, and that Republicans had used the rule repeatedly to pass major legislation such as the Patriot Act and the Tax Relief Reconciliation Act.[29][30][31]














The Louise M. Slaughter Building on the RIT campus

In 2011, Slaughter secured $62.5 million in federal funding for the Laboratory for Laser Energetics at University of Rochester. Slaughter's efforts to secure funds for her district was recognized by the Rochester Institute of Technology when it named its Center for Integrated Manufacturing Studies facilities in her honor. During the same year, with the potential of a government shutdown looming, Slaughter referenced H.R. 358, introduced by Rep. Joseph Pitts during the 112th Congress,[32] when she said at a pro-choice rally, "This is probably one of the worst times that we've seen because the numbers of people who are elected to Congress. I went through this as co-chair of the Arts Caucus. In '94, people were elected simply to come here to kill the National Endowment for the Arts. Now they're here to kill women".[33][34][35]

After the shooting of Gabrielle Giffords, Slaughter suggested the Federal Communications Commission was "not working anymore", and called for better policing of incendiary language.[36]

During the 112th Congress, the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act, or STOCK Act, which Slaughter first authored and introduced into Congress in 2006[37] – was passed into law.[38] The law prohibits the use of non-public information for private profit, including insider trading by members of Congress and other government employees, and requires many financial transactions by members of Congress to be reported within 45 days.[39]

Slaughter was one of the most liberal and progressive members of the New York congressional delegation from upstate New York, and in the 110th Congress, was the most progressive member of the entire House of Representatives according to the National Journal.[40]

Slaughter was one of several Democratic members of Congress who posted at Daily Kos, a Democratic-oriented blog. She was a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.[41] She was the oldest member of Congress at the time of her death.[8]

Committee assignments and caucus memberships
  • United States House Committee on Rules (Ranking Member)[1]
Party leadership
  • At-Large Whip[42]
Caucus memberships
  • Congressional Arts Caucus Co-chair[43]
  • Congressional Bipartisan Pro-Choice Caucus-Co-chair[5]
  • House Baltic Caucus[44]
  • Afterschool Caucuses[45]
  • Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus[46]

Slaughter was a member of a variety of congressional caucuses.[1] She was a former Co-Chair of the Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues.[47]

Personal life and death
While traveling for work, she met Robert "Bob" Slaughter in San Antonio, Texas, and married him in 1957. After marrying, the couple moved to Fairport, New York, a suburb of Rochester, where Bob had been offered a job. The couple had three daughters. Bob Slaughter died in May 2014, aged 82.[48][49]

On March 14, 2018, Slaughter was admitted to George Washington University Hospital after suffering a concussion in a fall at her home in Washington, D.C. Two days later, on March 16, Slaughter died at the age of 88.[50]

Slaughter's funeral was held at the Eastman Theater in Downtown Rochester. The funeral was attended by more than 2,000 people and featured speakers such as House of Representatives Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, Congressman John Lewis, former Senator and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, and members of Slaughter's family.[51] The event was also broadcast live on WHAM-TV.

Electoral history
Monroe County Legislature
Year
Democratic Party
Result
Republican Party
Result
Other
Result
1971
Louise M. Slaughter
3,507 (43.34%)
Walter G.A. Muench (i)
3,998 (49.41%)
Other
585 (7.23%)
1973
Louise M. Slaughter
4,082 (49.31%)
Walter G.A. Muench (i)
4,195 (50.68%)
N/A
N/A
1975
Louise M. Slaughter
4,698 (51.45%)
Walter G.A. Muench (i)
4,433 (48.54%)
N/A
N/A
Key: (i) = Incumbent
Source: Monroe County Board of Elections
State Assembly
Year
Democratic Party
Result
Republican Party
Result
Other
Result
1982
Louise M. Slaughter
23,236 (52.18%)
Thomas A. Hanna (i)
21,289 (47.81%)
N/A
N/A
1984
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
30,556 (54.79%)
Donald S. Milton
24,703 (44.29%)
Other
506 (.90%)
Key: (i) = Incumbent
Source: New York State Board of Elections
Congressional
Year
Democratic Party
Result
Republican Party
Result
Other
Result
1986
Louise M. Slaughter
86,777 (50.99%)
Fred J. Eckert (i)
83,402 (49.00%)
N/A
N/A
1988
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
128,364 (56.87%)
John D. Bouchard
89,126 (39.48%)
Other
8,222 (3.64%)
1990
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
97,280 (59.02%)
John M. Regan, Jr.
67,534 (40.97%)
N/A
N/A
1992
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
140,908 (53.97%)
William P. Polito
112,273 (43.003%)
Other
7,897 (3.02%)
1994
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
110,987 (56.63%)
Renee Forgensi Davison
78,516 (40.06%)
Other
6,464 (3.29%)
1996
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
133,084 (57.25%)
Geoff H. Rosenberger
99,366 (42.74%)
N/A
N/A
1998
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
118,856 (64.78%)
Richard A. Kaplan
56,443 (30.76%)
Other
8,159 (4.47%)
2000
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
151,688 (65.70%)
Mark C. Johns
83,445 (36.14%)
Other
3,820 (1.65%)
2002
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
99,057 (62.45%)
Henry F. Wojtaszek
59,547 (37.54%)
N/A
N/A
2004
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
159,655 (72.61%)
Michael D. Laba
54,543 (24.81%)
Other
5,678 (2.58%)
2006
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
111,386 (73.17%)
John E. Donnelly
40,844 (26.83%)
N/A
N/A
2008
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
172,655 (78.00%)
David W. Crimmen
48,690 (22.00%)
N/A
N/A
2010
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
102,514 (64.9%)
Jill Rowland
55,392 (35.1%)
N/A
N/A
2012
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
179,810 (57.4%)
Maggie Brooks
133,389 (42.5%)
N/A
N/A
2014
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
96,803 (50.2%)
Mark Assini
95,932 (49.8%)
N/A
N/A
2016
Louise M. Slaughter (i)
169,179 (55.7%)
Mark Assini
134,285 (44.3%)
N/A
N/A
Key: (i) = Incumbent
Source: New York State Board of Elections

See also

References
1.     "Committees and Caucuses". December 13, 2012. 
2.     "Congresswoman Louise Slaughter dies at 88". Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
3.     "Daisy Grace McIntosh". Geni.com. 
4.     "Oscar Lewis McIntosh". Geni.com. 
5.     Joseph P. Fried (March 16, 2018). "Louise Slaughter, 88, 16-Term Liberal Congresswoman, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
6.     Smith, Harrison (March 16, 2018). "Rep. Louise Slaughter, N.Y. Democrat who championed women's rights, dies at 88". Retrieved March 16, 2018 – via www.washingtonpost.com. 
7.     "Rep. Louise Slaughter, New York congresswoman born in Kentucky, dies at 88". Wkyt.com. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
8.     "Congresswoman Louise Slaughter dies". WHEC.com. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
9.     "Vote Totals for Races in the New York State Assembly". The New York Times. November 4, 1982. p. B10.
10. "The Returns Across New York in Campaigns for Seats in State Legislature". The New York Times. November 8, 1984. p. A1.
11. Adams, Thomas (August 31, 2004). "Congressman Frank Horton dies at home in Virginia | Rochester Business Journal". Rbj.net. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
12. "Metro Briefing | New York: Congressman Lafalce To Retire". The New York Times. June 27, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
13. Nir, David (January 13, 2012). "2008 presidential results by congressional district, for both old and new district lines". Dailykos.com. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
14. "New York – Election 2012". The New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
15. Abby Livingston, "Republican Concedes Tight New York House Race", Roll Call, November 12, 2014.
16. Paige Lavender, "Mark Assini Concedes To Incumbent Louise Slaughter In New York Congressional Race", The Huffington Post, November 13, 2014.
17. Leffler, Scott (November 9, 2016). "Higgins cruises to victory over Schratz; Slaughter beats Assini". www.allwnynews.com. Retrieved December 6, 2017. 
18. Dorsey, E. Ray; Shoulson, Ira (2018-07-03). "Congresswoman Louise M. Slaughter (1929–2018)". Neurology. 91 (1): 19–20. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000005723. ISSN 0028-3878. 
19. "Bill Summary and Status". United States Library of Congress. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
20. "Q&A/Dr. Carolyn M. Mazure; Women's Health, Women's Differences". The New York Times. May 2, 1999. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
21. "GEN Congressional Hall of Fame". Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
22. "Women's Progress Report 7/01" (PDF). National Park Service. July 2001. Archived from the original on February 21, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2008. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
23. "March 17, 2009 – Slaughter Introduces Bill to Curb Excessive Use of Antibiotics in Food Supply – Congresswoman Louise Slaughter". Louise.house.gov. March 17, 2009. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
24. "Bill Summary and Status- H.R. 1150". United States Library of Congress. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
25. "Getting the word out on GINA | The American Nurse". Theamericannurse.org. January 2, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
26. "Department of Defense Inspector General- Advanced Combat Helmet Technical Assessment" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. May 29, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
27. "Slaughter House Rules". Wall Street Journal. March 16, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
28. "House Dems Abandon 'Slaughter Solution' for Health Bill". CBS News. March 20, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
29. Roper, Eric (March 19, 2010). "Fact check: Bachmann gets it wrong on the "Slaughter Solution"". StarTribune.com. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
30. Montopoli, Brian (March 17, 2010). "Republicans Have Used "Slaughter Solution" Many Times – Political Hotsheet". CBS News. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
31. Ornstein, Norman J. (March 16, 2010). "Hypocrisy: A Parliamentary Procedure " The Enterprise Blog". Blog.american.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
32. "Bill Summary- H.R. 358". United States Library of Congress. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
33. "Congresswoman's Strong Choice of Words – Political Grapevine". Fox News. April 8, 2011. 
34. Profile, washingtontimes.com; accessed November 6, 2014.
35. Republicans react to Slaughter's controversial comments, centralny.ynn.com; accessed November 6, 2014.
36. Stunned lawmakers struggle for answers after Giffords' shooting, thehill.com; accessed November 6, 2014.
37. "What is the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge (STOCK) Act?". ProCon.org. April 4, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
38. "STOCK Act Becomes Law". Marketplace.org. April 4, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
39. "FACT SHEET: The STOCK Act: Bans Members of Congress from Insider Trading | whitehouse.gov". Obamawhitehouse.archives.gov. April 4, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
40. Thomas, G. Scott. Slaughter ranked most liberal in House, buffalo.bizjournals.com; accessed February 27, 2009.
41. "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Retrieved January 30, 2018. 
42. "HWS: President's Forum - Louise Slaughter". Hws.edu. Retrieved March 17, 2018. 
43. "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Retrieved March 13, 2018. 
44. "Members". House Baltic Caucus. Retrieved February 21, 2018. 
45. "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved 17 April 2018. 
46. "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
47. "Co-Chairs of the Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues, 1977—Present – US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
48. "Louise Slaughter's husband dies at 82". Buffalo News. Associated Press. May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
49. Fien, Christine Carrie (October 24, 2012). "Evaluating Slaughter's record". Rochester City Newspaper. 
50. Lahman, Sean (March 16, 2018). "Congresswoman Louise Slaughter dies at 88". Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, New York).
51. "Louise Slaughter remembered as 'a woman of fire and force'". Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-03-24. 

Further reading
  • "Slaughter, Louise M". Current Biography. 60 (4): 55–58. April 1999. 

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Resistance
Young Library Closed Media Stacks - Ask at Media Library Desk in B-67 Young Library (S-D0010 )
 
International trade implementation of the U.S.-Canada free trade agreement : report to the Honorable Louise M. Slaughter, House of Representatives
Young Library   Periodicals Desk -- U.S. Government Fiche   GA 1.13:GGD-93-21

Slaughter, Louise (Louise McIntosh Slaughter)
Encyclopedia of women and American politics, 2008, p417.,
Young Library   Books - 4th Floor   HQ1236.5.U6 E52 2008