Monday, October 31, 2016

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 31, 1921 – Otis A. Singletary

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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia –
Otis Arnold Singletary, Jr., historian and educator, was born October 31, 1921, in Gulfport, Mississippi, the son of Arnold and May Charlotte (Walker) Singletary. He was educated in the Gulfport public schools, at Millsaps College (B.A. 1947) in Jackson, Mississippi, and at Louisiana State University (M.A. 1949, Ph.D. 1954). He served as an officer in the U.S. Navy during both World War II and the Korean War.

In 1954 Singletary joined the history department of the University of Texas, where he taught and served in a number of administrative capacities. In 1961 he accepted the position of chancellor of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. During 1964-65, on leave from the university, he directed the Job Corps of the federal government's Office of Economic Opportunity. The following year he resigned from the university to become vice-president of the American Council on Education. In 1968 he left this post to become vice-chancellor for academic affairs of the University of Texas system. In 1969 he became president of the University of Kentucky.

Singletary assumed his presidential responsibilities during the turmoil kindled by the Vietnam War. His entire tenure was beset by ruinous inflation in the national economy, crippling stringency in the education budget, and unsettling vicissitudes in state politics. Yet he was able, through vision, purpose, and personality, to achieve impressive gains in both the physical and financial resources and the academic quality of the university. He retired from the presidency in 1987.

He was married on June 6, 1944, to Gloria Walton; they have three children: Bonnie, Scot, and Kendall Ann.


Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Birdwhistell, Terry L., and Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History. Otis A. Singletary Oral History Project. 1987.
Special Collections Library - Oral History Collection

Singletary, Otis A., and Kenneth K. Bailey. The South in American History. 2d ed. Washington: Service Center for Teachers of History, 1965. Print. Publication (Service Center for Teachers of History) ; No.3.
016.975 Si646s, Special Collections Library

Singletary, Otis A. Negro Militia and Reconstruction. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963. Print.
E668 .S59 1963, Special Collections Library

Sunday, October 30, 2016

Birth Dates of Notorious Kentuckians: October 30, 1945 - Drew Thornton

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From Wikipedia (Accessed October 26, 2016):
Andrew C. Thornton II (1945–1985) was a head member of "The Company", a drug smuggling ring in Kentucky. The son of Carter and Peggy Thornton of Threave Main Stud farm in southern Bourbon County, Kentucky. Thornton grew up living a privileged life in the Lexington, Kentucky area and attended the prestigious private Sayre School and the Iroquois Polo Club along with other Lexington blue bloods. He later transferred to Sewanee Military Academy and then joined the army as a paratrooper.[1] After quitting the army, he became a Lexington police officer[2] on the narcotics task force. He then attended the University of Kentucky Law School. During his tenure, he began smuggling.[3]

After resigning from the police in 1977, Thornton practiced law in Lexington.[1]

Four years later he was among 25 men accused in Fresno, California, in a theft of weapons from the China Lake Naval Weapons Center and of conspiring to smuggle 1,000 pounds of marijuana into the United States.[1] Thornton left California after pleading not guilty and was arrested as a fugitive in North Carolina, wearing a bulletproof vest and carrying a pistol.[1]
He pleaded no contest in Fresno to a misdemeanor drug charge and the felony charges were dropped.[1] He was sentenced to six months in prison, fined $500, placed on probation for five years, and had his law license suspended.[1]

On a smuggling run from Colombia, having dumped packages of cocaine off near Blairsville, Georgia, Thornton jumped from his auto-piloted Cessna 404.[4] In the September 11, 1985 jump, he was caught in his parachute and ended up in a free fall to the ground. His dead body was found in the back yard of Knoxville, Tennessee resident Fred Myers.[5] The plane crashed over 60 miles away in Hayesville, North Carolina.[6] At the time of his death Thornton was wearing night vision goggles, a bulletproof vest, Gucci loafers, and a green army duffel bag containing approximately 40 kilos (88 lbs.) of cocaine valued at $15 million, $4,500 in cash, two gold Krugerrands, knives, and two pistols. Three months later, a dead black bear was found in the Chattahoochee National Forest that had apparently overdosed on cocaine dropped by Thornton.[7]

The story of Thornton was examined in Dominick Dunne's Power, Privilege, and Justice and in Sally Denton's The Bluegrass Conspiracy.
[8] Robert L. Williams, Cowboys Caravan, looks into the death of his son David, and his skydiving relationship with Thornton. Thornton was also detailed in a Discovery Channel double-length episode of The FBI Files named "Dangerous Company" in 2003.

His death also served as the inspiration for the story arc of season four of FX Network's Justified. The beginning of episode one features a flashback to 1983 in which a male falls to his death, parachute still attached, with bricks of cocaine scattered around his body. The bag that had carried the cocaine becomes the focus of a mystery roughly 30 years later.

Known associates
  • Harold Brown, DEA agent
  • Bradley F. Bryant, childhood friend and partner in "The Company"
  • William Taulbee Canan, former Lexington police officer
  • Dan Chandler, son of Kentucky Governor Albert Benjamin "Happy" Chandler, Sr.
  • James Purdy Lambert, owner of Lexington's Library Lounge night club and friend and business associate of Governor John Y. Brown, Jr.
  • Henry S. Vance, staff member of Governor John Y. Brown, Jr.
  • Wallace McClure Kelly Also Known As "Mike Kelly" - associate in Lexington (now deceased)
  • David "Cowboy" Williams, skydiver, good friend, alleged smuggler, died in plane crash, two weeks after Thornton.
  • Rebecca Sharp, girlfriend and confidante of Andrew Thornton.
  • Derrick W.James,A/K/A "Rex", associate in Fort Lauderdale, Fl., arrested in December, 1982, for selling "lookout list" of the federal government. The "lookout list" consisted of three possible routes from South America to the United States: between Mexico and Cuba, between Cuba and Haiti, and between the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. The documents at issue were marked "UNCLASSIFIED." After a guilty plea, he received a 10-year sentence for selling unclassified information. He served just under two years. He owned a transport business, called Cargo Dominica, which he operated from the Hotel Susserou in Roseau, Dominica.
 1.Cocaine-Carrying Chutist Was Ex-Policeman, Lawyer, Los Angeles Times, September 12, 1985, retrieved August 5, 2012
3. DeMott, John S. (1985-10-12), "Cocaine's Skydiving Smugglers", Time: 2
4. AP (1988-02-08), "Woman to Go on Trial As Smuggler's Helper", The New York Times: 1
5. "American Notes Drugs", Time, 1985-09-23: 1
6. National Transportation Safety Board (1985-09-11). "NTSB Accident Report Identification: ATL85LA273". NTSB. Retrieved 2007-02-17.
7. "'Bluegrass Conspiracy' tale never gets old". kentucky. Retrieved 2016-03-22.
8. "Cocaine and a Dead Bear", The New York Times, 1985-12-23: 1
9. Sally Denton, The Bluegrass Conspiracy: An Inside Story of Power Greed, Drugs and Murder, revised edition, Avon, 1990; Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, 2001.

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Denton, Sally. The Bluegrass Conspiracy : An inside Story of Power, Greed, and Murder. 1st Ed. in the United States of America.. ed. New York: Doubleday, 1990. Print.
HV5825 .D46 1990, Special Collections Research Center

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 30, 1881 – Elizabeth Madox Roberts


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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia –
Born on October 30, 1881, in Perryville, Kentucky, Elizabeth Madox Roberts, novelist and poet, was the second of eight children of Mary Elizabeth (Brent) and Simpson R. Roberts, both school teachers and descendants of Kentucky pioneers. In 1884 the family moved to Springfield in Washington County, where Simpson Roberts opened a grocery store and worked as a surveyor and engineer. From her father Roberts learned Greek and Roman mythology and heard reminiscences of the Civil War (he served with the Confederate Army).

As Springfield had no public schools, Roberts studied at the private Covington Institute; in 1896 she went to Covington to live with relatives of her mother while attending high school there. In 1900 she entered the University of Kentucky , but ill health and lack of funds forced her to leave. For the next ten years she taught at the family home in Springfield and in new public schools in the area, becoming familiar with the rural inhabitants, their vernacular, and their customs. Troubled by respiratory ailments, she spent long periods at a brother's home in Colorado, where she published In The Great Steep's Garden (1915), a collection of poems illustrated with photos of flowers by Kenneth Hartley.

In 1917 Roberts entered the University of Chicago, where she studied with Robert Morss Lovett and Edith Rickert; belonged to the University Poetry Club; and became a friend of Glenway Wescott, Yvor Winters, Vincent Sheean, Janet L. Lewis, and other writers, and an acquaintance of Harriet Monroe, editor of Poetry. Roberts's poems appeared in Poetry, Atlantic Monthly, and other journals during her Chicago years. After graduating with honors in English in 1921, she returned to the family home in Springfield, where, never married, she spent most of her remaining life except for periodic stays with her sister in California and New York. Under The Tree, a collection of poems based on childhood memories, appeared in 1922; thereafter Roberts focused on writing fiction.

Roberts's first and finest novel, the time of man, was published in 1926 to international acclaim; it made Roberts, says William H. Slavick in introducing the reprint of 1982, "the first major novelist of the Southern renascence." Its psychological insights presage the work of Thomas Wolfe, William Faulkner, Katherine Anne Porter, and Eudora Welty. Roberts viewed the "wandering tenant farmer" as a symbol of the human odyssey; her central character is Ellen Chesser, daughter of one such man and wife of another. Ellen toils and suffers until she realizes herself, "flowering out of stone." Comparable in quality to this first work is The Great Meadow (1930), which portrays life on the Kentucky frontier during the years of the American Revolution.

Roberts's other works include My Heart And My Flesh (1927); Jingling In The Wind (1928); A Buried Treasure (1931); The Haunted Mirror (1932), a collection of short stories; he sent forth a raven (1935); black is my true love's hair (1938); and Not By Strange Gods (1941), short stories. Song In The Meadow (1940) is a collection of her later poetry.

In the 1930s Roberts lost her readership and fell into relative obscurity, although she was elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1940. Diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease in 1936, she suffered declining health and died in Orlando, Florida, on March 13, 1941, leaving an unfinished novel about the Louisville flood of 1937 and an unfinished epic poem about Daniel Boone . She was buried in Cemetery Hill in Springfield.

DAVID F. BURG, Entry Author

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Rovit, Earl H. Herald to Chaos. Lexington: U of Kentucky, 1960. Print.
PS3535.O172 Z8, Young Library - 5th Floor

Roberts, Elizabeth Madox, Clare Leighton, Robert Penn Warren, and William H. Slavick. The Time of Man : A Novel. Lexington, Ky.: U of Kentucky, 1982. Print.
PS3535.O172 T560 1926, Young Library - 5th Floor

Roberts, Elizabeth Madox. Black Is My Truelove's Hair. New York: Viking, 1938. Print. SOLINET/ASERL Cooperative Microfilming Project (NEH PA-23510-00) ; SOL MN09129.05 KUK.
PS3535.O172 B650 1938, Young Library - 5th Floor

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 30, 1850 - Robert Burns Wilson

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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia –
Robert Burns Wilson, artist and poet, was born to Thomas M. and Elizabeth Anne (McLean) Wilson on October 30, 1850, near Parker, Pennsylvania. An orphan at the age of ten, Wilson lived with his grandparents in Wheeling, West Virginia. In 1871 he moved to Pittsburgh, where he studied art and shared a studio with John W. Alexander. After a year, Wilson moved to Louisville, where his drawings included a crayon portrait of Henry Watterson , editor of the Courier-Journal. In 1875 Wilson moved to Frankfort, Kentucky, where local residents were the subjects of most of his portraits, in oil, crayon, and charcoal. He reserved watercolor for Kentucky landscapes, many depicting the Kentucky River and Elkhorn Creek, among them The Land of the Sky, The Cedars of Culmer's Hill, and The Quiet Fields. Several of his Kentucky landscapes were well-received at both the 1883 Louisville and 1884 New Orleans exhibitions.

One of Wilson's poems, " When Evening Cometh On," was published in Harper's Magazine in 1885. He published three books of poetry: Life and Love (1887), Chant of a Woodland Spirit (1894), and The Shadows of the Trees (1898). Wilson wrote " Remember the Maine" shortly after the sinking of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor. The poem, set to music, brought instant acclaim to the author and became the U.S. battle song in the Spanish- American War.

Wilson married Anne Hendricks of Frankfort on March 4, 1901. They had one daughter, Elizabeth. The family moved to Brooklyn, New York, in 1904, where Wilson believed his painting would have a wider audience. He died on March 31, 1916, in Brooklyn and was buried in the Frankfort Cemetery. 

J. Winston Coleman, Jr., Robert Burns Wilson: Kentucky Painter, Novelist and Poet (Lexington, Ky., 1956).

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Coleman, J. Winston. Robert Burns Wilson : Kentucky Painter, Novelist, and Poet. Lexington, Ky.: Winburn, 1956. Print.
ND237.W74 C6, Fine Arts Library - Closed Stacks

Smith, Joshua Soule. Joshua Soule Smith Papers, 1865-1903. (1865). Print.
52M1, Special Collections Archives

Fox, John. Fox Family Papers, 1852-1962, 1852-1920 (bulk Dates) (1852). Print.
64M122, Special Collections Archives


Saturday, October 29, 2016

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 29, 1912 – Joy Bale Boone

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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia –
Joy (Field) Bale Boone, poet, was born October 29, 1912, in Chicago to William Sydney and Edith (Overington) Field. She was educated at the Chicago Latin School and the Roycemore School for Girls in Evanston, Illinois. Boone has resided in Kentucky for more than half a century, principally in Elizabethtown (1937-75) and in Elkton. She was married to physician Shelby Garnett Bale from 1934 until his death in 1972; they were the parents of six children. In 1975 she married George Street Boone, an attorney, and moved to Elkton.

Boone began her literary career in Kentucky as a reviewer for the Louisville Courier-Journal in 1945. She edited two collections of Contemporary Kentucky Poets (1964, 1967). In 1964 she founded the literary magazine Approaches and served as its editor for eleven years. Since relinquishing the editorship to Wade Hall, she has served on the editorial board for the journal now known as Kentucky Poetry Review. Boone's long narrative poem The Storm's Eye: a Narrative in Verse Celebrating Cassius Marcellus Clay, Man of Freedom 1810-1903, was published in 1974 by the Kentucky Poetry Press, and was reprinted in the tenth anniversary issue of Approaches. Her Never Less Than Love was published in 1972. Individual poems have appeared in numerous poetry journals, and she is one of two Kentucky poets featured in the award-winning video Poetry: a Beginner's Guide, produced at Western Kentucky University in Bowling Green .

For several years, Boone served as president of Friends of Kentucky Libraries . She has chaired the Robert Penn Warren Committee at Western Kentucky University since its inception in 1987. In 1990 she was appointed to the board of the Gaines Humanities Center at the University of Kentucky , and she chairs the endowment committee for the University Press of Kentucky. Boone's awards include the Distinguished Kentuckian Award from Kentucky Educational Television in 1974 and the Sullivan Award from the University of Kentucky in 1969.


Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Boone, Joy Bale. The Storm's Eye : A Narrative in Verse Celebrating Cassius Marcellus Clay, Man of Freedom, 1810-1903. Louisville: Kentucky Poetry, 1974. Print. Poets of Kentucky Ser. ; No. 7.
PS3552 .A452 S8, Young Library - 5th Floor

Boone, Joy Bale., and Friends of Kentucky Libraries. Contemporary Kentucky Poetry. Elizabethtown?: Friends of Kentucky Libraries, 1964. Print.
PS571.K4 C6 1964, Special Collections Research Center

Boone, Joy Bale. Even without Love : Poems. S.l.: S.n., 1992. Print.
PS3552.O644 E940 1992, Special Collections Research Center

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 29, 1923 – Georgia Davis Powers

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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia –
Georgia (Montgomery) Davis Powers, civil rights leader and state senator, was born October 29, 1923, in Springfield, Washington County, Kentucky. She was the only daughter of the nine children of Ben and Frances (Walker) Montgomery. In Louisville she attended Virginia Avenue Elementary School (1929-34), Madison Junior High School (1934-37), Central High School (1937- 40), and Louisville Municipal College (1940-42).

From 1962 to 1967 Powers (as she has been known since her second marriage) served as campaign chairperson for candidates running for a variety of offices, including mayor of Louisville, governor of Kentucky, and the U.S. Congress. She was Kentucky chairperson for the Jesse L. Jackson presidential campaigns in 1984 and 1988, and the first black woman to serve on the Jefferson County Democratic executive committee, beginning in 1964. Powers was one of the organizers of the Allied Organization for Civil Rights, which worked for passage of the statewide Public Accommodations and Fair Employment Law in 1964.

Powers was the first black woman to be elected to the Kentucky Senate, serving from January 1968 to January 1989 as a Democrat. As senator, she chaired two legislative committees: Health and Welfare (1970-76) and Labor and Industry (1978-88). Powers was also a member of the Cities Committee, Elections and Constitutional Amendments Committee, and Rules Committee, as well as secretary of the Democratic caucus (1968-88). Throughout her Senate tenure, Powers championed blacks, women, children, the poor, and the handicapped. She sponsored or cosponsored an open housing law; a low-cost housing bill; a law to eliminate the identification of race from Kentucky operator's licenses; an amendment to the Kentucky Civil Rights Act to eliminate discrimination based on race, gender, or age; an equal opportunity law; the Equal Rights Amendment resolution; Displaced Homemaker's Law; and a law to increase the minimum wage in Kentucky.

Powers served on the University of Louisville board of overseers, the board of directors of the Kentucky Indiana Planning and Development Agency (KIPDA), and the governor's Desegregation of Higher Education Implementation Committee. In 1981 she helped lead the efforts to retain Kentucky State University as a four-year institution of higher learning, and in 1982-83 was a leader in the successful opposition in a referendum to merge Louisville and Jefferson County. In 1989 Powers received an honorary doctor of laws degree from the University of Kentucky and an honorary doctorate of humane letters from the University of Louisville.

Powers was married to Norman F. Davis from 1943 to 1968; they have one son. She married James L. Powers in 1973.

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Powers, Georgia Davis. I Shared the Dream : The Pride, Passion, and Politics of the First Black Woman Senator from Kentucky. Far Hills, N.J.: New Horizon, 1995. Print.
F456.26.P68 A3 1995, Young Library - 4th Floor

Powers, Georgia Davis. Celia's Land : A Historical Novel. Louisville, Ky.: Goose Creek Pub., 2004. Print.
PS3616.O884 C35 2004, Special Collections Research Center

Kentucky Historical Society, and Kentucky Oral History Commission. Living the Story the Civil Rights Movement in Kentucky. Frankfort, KY]: Kentucky Historical Society, 2001.
AV-V3226, Young Media Library

Monday, October 24, 2016

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 24, 1945 - Eugenie Carol Scott

  Image from

From Wikipedia (Accessed October 24, 2013):
Eugenie Carol Scott (born October 24, 1945) is an
American physical anthropologist who has been the executive director of the National Center for Science Education (NCSE) since 1987. She is a leading critic of young earth creationism and intelligent design.

Scott grew up in
Wisconsin and first became interested in anthropology after reading her sister's anthropology textbook.[1] Scott received a BS and MS from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, followed by a PhD from the University of Missouri. She joined the University of Kentucky as a physical anthropologist in 1974 and shortly thereafter attended a debate between her mentor James A. Gavan and the young earth creationist Duane Gish which piqued her interest in the creation-evolution controversy.[2][3] She also taught at the University of Colorado and at California State University, Hayward. Her research work focused on medical anthropology and skeletal biology.

In 1980, Scott was at the forefront of an attempt to prevent creationism from being taught in the public schools of
Lexington, Kentucky. From this grassroot effort in Kentucky and other states, the National Center for Science Education was formed in 1981. Scott was appointed the NCSE's executive director in 1987, the year in which teaching creation science in American public schools was deemed illegal by the Supreme Court in Edwards v. Aguillard. Scott announced that she would be retiring from this position by the end of 2013.[4]5]

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Scott, Eugenie Carol. Evolution vs. Creationism : An Introduction. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 2004. Print.
QH367 .S395 2004, Education Library

Scott, Eugenie Carol, and Glenn. Branch. Not in Our Classrooms : Why Intelligent Design Is Wrong for Our Schools. Boston, Mass.: Beacon, 2006. Print.
BL263 .N68 2006, Education Library

Schiller, Greta., Eugenie Carol Scott, Andrea. Weiss, Paul. Winter, Jezebel Productions, and New Day Films. No Dinosaurs in Heaven. Special Teachers ed. New York]: Jezebel Productions/New Day Films, 2010.
AV-D8727, Young Media Library

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 22, 1783 – Constantine Samuel Rafinesque

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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia –
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque, naturalist and philologist, was born on October 22, 1783, in Galata, a suburb of Constantinople, to Francois G.A. and Madeleine (Schmaltz) Rafinesque. His father was a French merchant and his mother the daughter of a German merchant family long resident in the Levant. Rafinesque's family moved to France the year following his birth; during the turmoil of the French Revolution, the boy was sent to live with relatives in Tuscany. He was taught by tutors; his hopes of a university education in Switzerland were thwarted by the family's reduced income after his father died in Philadelphia in 1793, of yellow fever contracted during a commercial voyage to China.

At age nineteen Rafinesque became an apprentice in the mercantile house of the Clifford Brothers in Philadelphia. During the next two years, he roamed the woods and fields from Pennsylvania to Virginia, making plant and animal collections and developing a wide correspondence with fellow naturalists. He returned to Europe in 1805 and spent the next decade in Sicily, where he was secretary to the U.S. consul. He carried on a lucrative international trade in commodities while exploring the island for plants and identifying fishes in the Palermo market that were scientifically unrecorded. During this time his first scientific books were published.

Rafinesque fathered two children in Sicily but could not legally marry their mother, Josephine Vacarro, because he was a Protestant and she a Roman Catholic. On his return to the United States in 1815, he was shipwrecked on Long Island Sound, losing all his collections and unpublished manuscripts. He remained in America the rest of his life, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1832, and did not see his family again.

Assisted by friends, he lived in New York until 1818, when he set off on a collecting trip down the Ohio River as far as Shawneetown, Illinois. During the trip he began the first comprehensive survey of the river's fish population ( Ichthyologia Ohiensis, 1820). He stayed eight days with John James Audubon in Henderson, Kentucky, and on his return to Philadelphia passed through Lexington, where his former employer, the merchant John D. Clifford, had settled. Clifford, a trustee of Transylvania University , arranged for Rafinesque to become professor of botany and natural science there.

Rafinesque's years at Transylvania, 1819-26, though often troubled by quarrels with colleagues, were among his most productive. He published scientific names, both locally and in Europe, for thousands of plants and hundreds of animals. He became interested also in prehistoric Indian sites -- identifying 148 of them in Kentucky alone -- and in Indian languages, leading to his preservation of the Walam Olum, the epic of the migration of the Delaware Indians. At Transylvania he taught botany through the innovation of examining physical specimens and he tried, unsuccessfully, to found a botanical garden in conjunction with the university. When he returned to Philadelphia in the spring of 1826, he shipped ahead forty crates of specimens, which were the basis of his studies for the rest of his life.

Rafinesque's remaining years in Philadelphia were sustained by a variety of means. He traded in specimens and books; he gave public lectures; he organized a workingmen's bank; he invented and marketed a nostrum for tuberculosis. With the patronage of the wealthy Charles Wetherill, he issued an astonishing array of books -- not only natural history works but also philosophical poetry and a linguistic study of Hebrew -- although they found few buyers. By Rafinesque's own count, he published 220 "works, pamphlets, essays, and tracts," yet he left as great a bulk in manuscript, most of which was sold as junk after his death. Best known for remarkable fecundity in devising scientific names -- 6,700 in botany alone -- Rafinesque also had some insight into a number of theoretical issues in biology that became important later: the impermanence of species, the significance of fossils in dating sedimentary geological strata, and such ecological considerations as plant geography and plant succession.

Rafinesque died in Philadelphia in 1840, probably on September 19, and was buried in Ronaldson's Cemetery. Eighty-four years later, friends of Transylvania excavated the gravesite and reinterred at Transylvania the bones thought to be his. (Because of a misunderstanding about the succession of six burials that had taken place in the same Philadelphia gravesite over time, the stone at Transylvania that today bears the name Rafinesque in fact covers the remains of a woman named Mary Passimore.)


Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Fitzpatrick, T. J. Rafinesque; a Sketch of His Life. Des Moines: Historical Department of Iowa, 1911. Print.
QH31.R13 F6, Special Collections Research Center - Rare Books

Meijer, Willem. The Contribution by Rafinesque to the Early Botanical Exploration of Kentucky. N.p., 1973. Print.
581.9769 R1247m, Special Collections Research Center

Warren, Leonard, and University Press of Kentucky. Constantine Samuel Rafinesque a Voice in the American Wilderness. Lexington, Ky.: U of Kentucky, 2004. Web.
QH31.R13 W37 2004, Young Library - 5th Floor

Friday, October 21, 2016

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 21, 1936 – Jim Wayne Miller

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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia –
Jim Wayne Miller, poet, was born October 21, 1936, in Leicester, North Carolina, son of James Woodrow and Edith (Smith) Miller. He attended Leicester public schools and graduated from Kentucky's Berea College in 1958 with a B.A. degree in English literature. He served two years as a German instructor at Fort Knox, Kentucky, and did graduate studies in German and English literature at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, where he was awarded a Ph.D. degree in 1965. Miller became a professor of German at Western Kentucky University in Bowling Green , taught folklore and creative writing courses, and served as consultant to Appalachian studies programs in neighboring states. A major southern poet and fiction writer popular at poetry readings and workshops, he is known throughout Kentucky. Miller has been a featured poet on several television programs. His first collection of poems was Copperhead Cane (1964), followed by The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same (1971); Dialogue with a Dead Man (1974); The Mountains Have Come Closer (1980), winner of the Thomas Wolfe Award; and Vein of Words (1985). Miller's translations include The Figure of Fulfillment and The Salzach Sibyl by the Austrian poet Emil Lerperber. His work appears in the anthologies Contemporary Southern Poetry, A Geography of Poets, and Going Over to Your Place. His first novel, Newfound (1989), is set in Appalachia.

Miller married Mary Ellen Yates of Carter County , Kentucky, in 1958; they have three children: James, Frederic, and Ruth Ratcliff.

JOY BALE BOONE, Entry Author

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Lasater, Michael., Jim Wayne. Miller, and Western Kentucky University. Television Center. I Have a Place the Poetry of Jim Wayne Miller. Bowling Green, Ky.]: Western Kentucky U Television Center ; [distributed by Barr Films], 1985.
AV-V2251, Young Media Library

Miller, Jim Wayne. Copperhead Cane : Poems. 1st ed. Louisville, Ky.: Green River Writers/Grex, 1995. Print.
PS3563.I4127 C670 1995, Young Library - 5th Floor

Miller, Jim Wayne., and Rowan Mountain Press. Round and round with Kahlil Gibran. Blacksburg, Va.: Rowan Mountain, 1990. Print.
PS3563.I4127 R68 1990, Special Collections Research Center

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: October 24, 1945: Eugenie Scott

Scott in May of 2014

From Wikipedia (Accessed October 21, 2016):
Eugenie Carol Scott (born October 24, 1945) is an American physical anthropologist, a former university professor and one of the strongest voices challenging the teaching of young earth creationism and intelligent design in schools. From 1987 to 2013,[1] Scott served as the Executive Director of the National Center for Science Education, Inc., a pro-evolution nonprofit science education organization with members in every state. She holds a Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology from the University of Missouri. A human biologist, her research has been in medical anthropology and skeletal biology. Scott is nationally recognized as a proponent of church/state separation and serves on the National Advisory Council of Americans United for Separation of Church and State and other organizations. She has worked nationwide to communicate the scientific method to the general public and to improve how science as a way of knowing is taught in school.

Early life and education
Scott grew up in Wisconsin and first became interested in anthropology after reading her sister's anthropology textbook.[2] Scott received a BS and MS from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, followed by a PhD from the University of Missouri. She joined the University of Kentucky as a physical anthropologist in 1974 and shortly thereafter attended a debate between her mentor James A. Gavan and the young earth creationist Duane Gish which piqued her interest in the creation-evolution controversy.[3][4] She also taught at the University of Colorado and at California State University, Hayward. Her research work focused on medical anthropology and skeletal biology.

In 1980, Scott was at the forefront of an attempt to prevent creationism from being taught in the public schools of Lexington, Kentucky. From this grassroot effort in Kentucky and other states, the National Center for Science Education was formed in 1981. Scott was appointed the NCSE's executive director in 1987, the year in which teaching creation science in American public schools was deemed illegal by the Supreme Court in Edwards v. Aguillard. Scott announced that she would be retiring from this position by the end of 2013,[5][6] doing so on 6 January 2014. Her place was taken by Ann Reid.[7]

Recognition and awards
In 1993 the University of Missouri honored Scott as a distinguished alumna.[8] She was elected to the California Academy of Sciences in 1994. She served as president of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists from 2000 to 2002. She was elected as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2002 and was its chair. She is also a member of Sigma Xi.

Scott has received many awards from academic organizations. In 1999 she was awarded the Bruce Alberts Award by the American Society for Cell Biology. In 2001 she received the Geological Society of America's Public Service Award.[9] She received the 2002 Public Service Award from the National Science Board for "her promotion of public understanding of the importance of science, the scientific method, and science education and the role of evolution in science education".[10][11] In 2002 the American Institute of Biological Sciences awarded her the first Outstanding Service Award.[12] Scott also received the 2002 Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award from the California Science Teachers Association.[13] The National Association of Biology Teachers gave her honorary membership in 2005.[14] In 2006 she was awarded the Anthropology in the Media Award by the American Anthropological Association for "the successful communication of anthropology to the general public through the media".[15] In 2007 Scott and Kenneth R. Miller were jointly awarded the Outstanding Educator’s Award by the Exploratorium Museum.[16]

Scott serves on the National Advisory Council of Americans United for Separation of Church and State and on the National Advisory Council of Americans for Religious Liberty. In 1999 Scott was awarded the Hugh M. Hefner First Amendment Award "for tirelessly defending the separation of church and state by ensuring that religious neutrality is maintained in the science curriculum of America's public schools",[17] and in 2006 was one of the three judges chosen to make the awards.

Scott has been awarded honorary degrees by McGill University in 2003,[18][19] by Ohio State University in 2005[20][21][22] and in 2006 by Mount Holyoke College[23][24][25] and her alma mater the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.[26][27] In 2007 she was awarded an honorary degree by Rutgers University.[28] In 2008 she was awarded an honorary degree by University of New Mexico.[29]

In 2009, Scott became the first-ever recipient of the Stephen Jay Gould Prize from the Society for the Study of Evolution. She was chosen for devoting "her life to advancing public understanding of evolution."[30] She was awarded the Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences in 2010.[31]

On August 21, 2010 Scott was honored with an award recognizing her contributions in the skeptical field, from the Independent Investigations Group (IIG) during its 10th Anniversary Gala.[32]

In 1991 the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSICOP) presented Scott with the Public Education in Science Award.[33]

On October 9, 2010 Committee for Skeptical Inquiry announced Scott (and others) as a part of their policy-making Executive Council, she will also serve on Skeptical Inquirer's magazine board.[34]

On April 4, 2014 Scott received a Distinguished Service to Science Education Award from the National Science Teachers Association. The award is presented to members of NSTA "who, through active leadership and scholarly endeavor over a significant period of time, have made extraordinary contributions to the advancement of education in the sciences and science teaching." [35]

In June 2014, Scott received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the American Humanist Association conference in Philadelphia.[36]

On July 12, 2014 Asteroid 249540 Eugeniescott (2010 HX14), discovered April 18, 2010, was named in honor of Scott, "who served as the executive director of the National Center for Science Education for more than 25 years" and "improved the teaching of science-based curricula for students throughout the United States."[37]

James Underdown director of Center for Inquiry West and Independent Investigations Group (IIG) West presents award from the IIG August 21, 2010

Scott was initially brought up in Christian Science by her mother and grandmother, but later switched to a congregational church under the influence of her sister; she describes her background as liberal Protestant.[38] Scott is now a secular humanist and describes herself as a nontheist. In 2003, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that "Scott describes herself as atheist but does not discount the importance of spirituality."[39] In 2003 she was one of the signatories to the third humanist manifesto, Humanism and Its Aspirations.[40] She is also a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.[41] In 2003 she was awarded the "Defense of Science Award" from the Center for Inquiry for "her tireless leadership in defending scientific evolution and educational freedom".[42]

In 1998, Scott received the American Humanist Association's Isaac Asimov Award in Science. In her acceptance speech she explained how a statement adopted by the National Association of Biology Teachers that evolution was "unsupervised" and "impersonal" was attacked by creationists such as Phillip E. Johnson, and the initial reaction of the NABT was not to bow to pressure from creationists to change it. However, Scott agreed with theologian Huston Smith and philosopher Alvin Plantinga that "unsupervised" and "impersonal" should be dropped from the statement as they made philosophical and theological claims beyond those science could claim to make based on its principle of methodological naturalism—and the statement was altered.[43]

Scott is widely considered to be a leading expert on creationism (including intelligent design), and one of its strongest opponents. Her book Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction was published by Greenwood Press in 2004 and then in paperback by the University of California Press in 2005. It has a foreword by Niles Eldredge.

She also co-edited with Glenn Branch the 2006 anthology Not in Our Classrooms: Why Intelligent Design is Wrong for Our Schools.

In 2006 Jon D. Miller, Scott and Shinji Okamoto had a brief article published in Science entitled "Public Acceptance of Evolution", an analysis of polling on the acceptance of evolution from the last 20 years in the United States and compared to other countries.[44][45] Turkey had the lowest acceptance of evolution in the survey, with the United States having the next-lowest, though the authors saw a positive in the higher percentage of Americans who are unsure about evolution, and therefore "reachable" for evolution.[46]

Less seriously, she has co-authored with Glenn Branch and Nick Matzke a 2004 paper on "The Morphology of Steve" in the Annals of Improbable Research which arose from the NCSE's Project Steve.[47]

Media appearances

2009 Independent Investigations Award Recipient[48]

David Berlinski, a fellow at the Discovery Institute, describes Scott as an opponent "who is often sent out to defend Darwin".[49] However, Scott prefers to see herself as "Darwin's golden retriever".[50] Scott says that her job "requires coping with science illiteracy in the American public".[43]

Scott has been profiled in The New York Times,[4] Scientific American,[51] The Scientist,[52] the San Francisco Chronicle,[53] and the Stanford Medical Magazine.[54] She has had been interviewed for Science & Theology News,[38] CSICOP,[55] Church & State[56] and Point of Inquiry.[57][58][59] She has commentary published by Science & Theology News,[60] Metanexus Institute.[61]

She also acted as the education spokesperson for the 2001 PBS: Evolution TV series[62]
Scott has taken part in numerous interviews on MSNBC and the Fox News Channel, debating various creationist and Intelligent design advocates. On 29 November 2004, Scott debated astrophysicist Jason Lisle of Answers in Genesis on CNN.[63] On May 6, 2005 Scott debated Stephen C. Meyer of the Discovery Institute, on The Big Story with John Gibson.[64][65] The latter concerned the Kansas evolution hearings.

In 2004, Scott represented the National Center for Science Education on Penn and Teller's Showtime television show Bullshit!, on the episode titled "Creationism", on which she offered philosophical views about the creationist and intelligent design movements.[66]

(Sampling of) Podcast Interviews

DatePodcast NameEpisode
04/09/08Scientific AmericanExpelled Explained
04/29/08SkepticalityEpisode #076 An Interview with Dr. Eugenie Scott
07/16/11International Institute for Conflict Prevention & Resolution100th Episode: Eugenie Scott on Resolving Conflict Between Religion and Science
12/04/11Rationally SpeakingEugenie Scott on Denialism of Climate Change & Evolution
01/06/12Point of InquiryEugenie Scott - Defending Climate Education
05/02/12The Pseudo Scientists–The Young Australian SkepticsEpisode 44 of The Pseudo Scientists: Eggless chickens, science vs. religion, and Eugenie Scott
07/05/12British Centre for Science EducationFighting Against Creationism in the UK
01/24/14Mother JonesWant Proof Evolution Is Real? Just Look at Creationism
08/24/15Point of InquiryDecrypting Pseudoscience
05/24/16MonsterTalkBigfoot Skepticism

Dover trial participationIn 2005, Scott and other NCSE staff served as scientific and educational consultants for the plaintiffs in the Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District case, which originated in Dover, Pennsylvania. Judge John Jones ruled against teaching intelligent design or creationism in the public schools.

Personal life
Scott and her husband, Thomas C. Sager, a lawyer, have one daughter and reside in Berkeley, California.

Eugenie C. Scott (2004). "Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction". Berkeley & Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-24650-0. Retrieved 16 June 2010. Also: Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32122-1
Eugenie C. Scott & Glenn Branch (2006). "Not in Our Classrooms: Why Intelligent Design Is Wrong for Our Schools". Boston: Beacon Press. ISBN 0-8070-3278-6.

1. Jeffrey, Mervis (May 6, 2013). "Contributor". Science Insider.
2. What inspired me to take up science?, Eugenie Scott
3. My Favorite Pseudoscience, Eugenie Scott, from Skeptical Odysseys: Personal Accounts by the World's Leading Paranormal Inquirers. Paul Kurtz, ed. Amherst (NY): Prometheus Books, 2001, p 245-56.
4. "Standard-Bearer in Evolution Fight". New York Times. 2013-09-02. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
5. Press Release (May 6, 2013). "NCSE's Scott to retire". National Center for Science Education. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
6. Mervis, Jeffrey (May 6, 2013). "Eugenie Scott to Retire From U.S. Center That Fights Antievolution Forces". Science. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
7. "Welcome, Ann Reid". NCSE. January 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-13.
8. "Special Event Programs and Records, Archives of the University of Missouri". 2005-02-08. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
9. Zoback, Mary Lou (2001-12-03). "GSA Announces Public Service Medals for Scott and Dalrymple". National Center for Science Education. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
10. "Scott receives public service award from National Science Board". NCSE. 2002-05-09. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
11. "National Science Board - Honorary Awards". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
12. "AIBS News April 2002". American Institute of Biological Sciences. April 2002. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
13. "Scott Receives Teacher Association Award". NCSE. 2002-10-28. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
14. "Eugenie C. Scott to receive NABT award". NCSE. 2005-10-05. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
15. "Scott honored with Anthropology in the Media Award". NCSE. 2006-11-01. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
16. "Exploratorium 2007 Awards Dinner". Exploratorium. 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
17. 1999 winners, Hugh M. Hefner First Amendment Awards
18. "Scott to Receive Honorary Degree". NCSE. 2003-05-30. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
19. "Spring 2003 Convocation Honorary Doctorates". McGill University. 2003-05-22. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
20. "Scott to be honored by OSU". NCSE. 2005-05-04. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
21. "Scientific literacy advocate will give commencement address". Ohio State University. 2005-03-02. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
22. "Ohio State honors four at winter 2005 commencement". OSU. 2005-03-17. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
23. "NCSE's Scott to be honored by Mount Holyoke". NCSE. 2006-04-28. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
24. "Honorary Degree Citation, Eugenie Scott". Mount Holyoke College. 2006-05-28. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
25. Eugenie C. Scott (2006-05-28). "Honorary Degree Address". Retrieved 2007-08-23.
26. "Scott honored by UWM". NCSE. 2006-12-19. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
27. "UWM alumna Dr. Eugenie Scott to receive honorary degree from UWM". University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. 2006-12-08. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
28. "NCSE's Scott to be honored by Rutgers". NCSE. 2007-05-08. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
29. "UNM Awards Genie Scott with Honorary Doctorate of Science". Panda's Thumb. 2008-03-13. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
30. Awards, Society for the Study of Evolution
31. "Public Welfare Award". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
32. "About the IIG Awards". Independent Investigations Group. 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
33. "CSICOP's 1991 Awards". Skeptical Inquirer. 16 (1): 16. 1991.
34. Frazier, Kendrick; Barry Karr (January–February 2011). "CSI(COP) Renews and Expands Executive Council, Plans for Future Activities". Skeptical Inquirer. Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. 35 (1): 5.
35. "NSTA award for NCSE's Scott". NCSE. 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
37. "JPL Small-Body Database Browser". NASA. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
38. A Conversation with Eugenie Scott Science and Theology News
39. Lam, Monica (2006-11-13). "PROFILE / EUGENIE SCOTT / Berkeley scientist leads fight to stop teaching of creationism". The San Francisco Chronicle.
40. "Notable Signers". Humanism and Its Aspirations. American Humanist Association. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
41. List of fellows of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal
42. Scott Receives "Defense of Science" Award
43. Scott, Eugenie (May 1998), Science and Religion, Methodology and Humanism, San Diego, CA: American Humanist Association, retrieved 2009-05-21
44. "Public Acceptance of Evolution" in Science, NCSE, August 15, 2006
45. Miller; et al. (2006). "SCIENCE COMMUNICATION: Public Acceptance of Evolution". Science. 313: 765–766.
doi:10.1126/science.1126746. PMID 16902112.
46. Nick Matzke (10 August 2006). "Well, at least we beat Turkey". The Panda's Thumb.
47. Eugenie C. Scott, Glenn Branch and Nick Matzke (2004). "The Morphology of Steve" (PDF). Annals of Improbable Research. 10 (4): 24–29. doi:10.3142/107951404781540554.
48. "IIG Awards". Independent Investigations Report.
49. An Interview with David Berlinski: Part One, Intelligent Design the Future, March 7, 2006
50. "Scientific American 10: Guiding Science for Humanity". Scientific American. June 2009.
51. Steve Mirsky (22 January 2006). "Teach the Science: Wherever evolution education is under attack by creationist thinking, Eugenie Scott will be there to defend science—with rationality and resolve". Scientific American.
52. "Profile: Eugenie C. Scott: Giving ammo to the choir". The Scientist. 16 (11): 60. 27 May 2002. Archived from the original on June 6, 2002.
53. "Profile: Eugenie Scott: Berkeley scientist leads fight to stop teaching of creationism". The Chronicle. 7 February 2003.
54. Ain't it the truth? Two plus two equals four — spread the word, Joel Stein, Stanford Medicine Magazine
55. An Interview with Dr. Eugenie Scott, By Bill Busher, CSICOP
56. Not In Our Classrooms! Leading Science Educator Explains Why ‘Intelligent Design’ Is Wrong For Our Schools, Church & State, Americans United
57. Eugenie Scott - Evolution vs. Religious Belief? Point of Inquiry
58. Eugenie Scott - The Dover Trial: Evolution vs. Intelligent Design
59. Eugenie Scott: Decrypting Pseudoscience
60. Still waiting for ID proponents to say more than 'Evolution is wrong'
61. The Big Tent and the Camel's Nose, Eugenie Scott, Metanexus Institute.
62. Evolution Project Overview, PBS.
63. NCSE's Scott on Fox, CNN, NCSE
64. Kansas Debates Evolution: Stephen C. Meyer, Eugenie Scott, May 6, 2005 from the Discovery Institute
65. "Evolution Vs. God in the Classroom - The Big Story w/ Gibson and Nauert". Fox News Channel. 2005-05-06. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
66. "Creationism". Bullshit!. 2004. Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2008-05-17.

External links Eugenie Scott from the National Center for Science Education Eugenie Scott on Teaching Evolution, Books and Ideas Eugenie Scott's talk: "The Right to Teach Evolution"

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Scott, Eugenie Carol. Evolution vs. Creationism : An Introduction. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 2004. Print.
QH367 .S395 2004, Education Library

Scott, Eugenie Carol, and Glenn. Branch. Not in Our Classrooms : Why Intelligent Design Is Wrong for Our Schools. Boston, Mass.: Beacon, 2006. Print.
BL263 .N68 2006, Education Library

Schiller, Greta., Eugenie Carol Scott, Andrea. Weiss, Paul. Winter, Jezebel Productions, and New Day Films. No Dinosaurs in Heaven. Special Teachers ed. New York]: Jezebel Productions/New Day Films, 2010.
AV-D8727, Young Media Library

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: Michael Dorris - January 30, 1945

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From Wikipedia (Accessed October 21, 2016): 

Michael Anthony Dorris (January 30, 1945[1] – April 10, 1997) was an American novelist and scholar who was the first Chair of the Native American Studies program at Dartmouth.[2][3] His works include the memoir, The Broken Cord (1989) and the novel, A Yellow Raft in Blue Water (1987). He was married to author Louise Erdrich and the two frequently collaborated in their writing. He committed suicide in 1997 while police were investigating allegations that he had abused his daughters. 

The Broken Cord, which won the 1989 National Book Critics Circle Award for General Nonfiction, helped provoke Congress to approve legislation to warn of the dangers of drinking alcohol during pregnancy.[4] 

Michael Dorris was born in Louisville, Kentucky[1][5] to Jim and Mary Besy (Burkhardt) Dorris. His father died before Dorris was born (reportedly by suicide during WWII), and Dorris was raised as an only child by his mother, who became a secretary for the Democratic Party.[6] It has been reported that two maternal relatives also help raise him, either two aunts,[6] or an aunt and his maternal grandmother.[1] In his youth he spent summers with his father's relatives on reservations in Washington and Montana.[1] In an article published in New York magazine two months after Dorris's death, a reporter quoted the Modoc tribal historian as saying, "Dorris was probably the descendant of a white man named Dorris whom records show befriended the Modocs on the West Coast just before and after the Modoc War of 1873. Even so, there is no record of a Dorris having been enrolled as an Indian citizen on the Klamath rolls."[6] The Washington Post provides a contrary report of Dorris's descent: "Dorris' father's mother, who was white, became pregnant by her Indian boyfriend, but, the times being what they were, she could not marry him. She later married a white man named Dorris."[7] 

He received his BA (cum laude) in English and Classics from Georgetown University in 1967 and a Masters degree from Yale University in 1971 in anthropology, after beginning studies for a theater degree.[1] He did his field work in Alaska studying the effects of off shore drilling on the Native Alaskan communities.[5] In 1972, Dorris helped form Dartmouth College's Native American Studies department,[8] and was its first Chair.[4] 

In 1971, he became one of the first unmarried men in the United States to adopt a child.[8][9] His adopted son, a three-year-old Lakota boy named Reynold Abel, was eventually diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome. Dorris' struggle to understand and care for his son became the subject of his work The Broken Cord (in which he uses the pseudonym "Adam" for his son). Dorris adopted two more Native American children, Jeffrey Sava in 1974 and Madeline Hannah in 1976, both of whom also likely suffered from fetal alcohol syndrome.[10] In 1975, he wrote the text to accompany the photographs of Joseph C. Farber in the book Native Americans: Five Hundred Years After.[11] He was named a Guggenheim Fellow in 1977 for his work in Anthropology & Cultural Studies.[12] In 1980, he and his 3 adopted children left their home in Cornish, New Hampshire to spend a year's sabbatical in New Zealand.[5] 

After returning to the United States, in 1981 he married Louise Erdrich,[4] a writer of German-American, Métis and Anishinaabe descent, whom he had initially met ten years earlier while he was teaching at Dartmouth and she was a student.[6] During his sabbatical in New Zealand, Dorris and Erdrich had begun corresponding regularly by mail.[5] After their marriage, she adopted his three children and eventually gave birth to their three daughters: Persia Andromeda, Pallas Antigone, and Aza Marion.[4] Erdrich and Dorris contributed to each other's writing[4] and together wrote romance fiction under the pseudonym Milou North to supplement their income, with many of their works being published in the British magazine Woman[13] Erdrich dedicated her novels The Beet Queen (1986)[6] and Tracks[14] (1988) to Dorris. The family lived in Cornish, New Hampshire.[15] 

While teaching at Dartmouth, Dorris frequently mentored other students and was part of the successful effort to get rid of the college's Indian mascot.[5] In 1985, after the couple had received major grants, the family moved for a year to Northfield, Minnesota.[5]

Beginning in 1986, his son Sava was sent to boarding school and military school.[6] Madaline began going to boarding school when she was 12.[5] After the success of The Broken Cord in 1989, and an advance of $1.5 million for the outline of Crown of Columbus, Dorris quit teaching at Dartmouth to become a full-time writer.[5] In 1992, his oldest son Reynold Abel was hit by a car and killed.[16] Dorris, Erdrich and their three daughters moved to Kalispell, Montana, allegedly because of death threats that Sava had made towards them.[5] They later moved back to New Hampshire in 1993,[5] and then to the Piper Mansion in Minneapolis.[6] 

Sava sent a letter to the couple in 1994 threatening to "destroy their lives" and demanding money. Dorris and Erdrich took Sava to court for attempted felony theft. The first jury deadlocked, and the next year Sava was acquitted of the charges.[5] 

The couple separated, and Dorris went for treatment of alcohol abuse at Hazelden.[6] Dorris and Erdrich divorced in 1996,[17] Dorris considered himself "addicted to" Erdrich and fell into a depression.[17] 

Madeline[5] and two of his biological daughters made allegations of abuse against him.[4] Dorris made a failed suicide attempt in March 1997.[17] On April 10, 1997, Dorris used a combination of suffocation, drugs, and alcohol to commit suicide in the Brick Tower Motor Inn in Concord, New Hampshire. In conversations with friends, Dorris maintained his innocence and his lack of faith that the legal system would exonerate him without him "demolishing" his wife and children in a "vicious" court trial.[17] With his death, the criminal investigations into the sexual abuse allegations were closed.[18] 

Dorris is the author, co-author, or editor of a dozen books in the areas of fiction, memoir and essays and non-fiction.

His Yellow Raft in Blue Water (1987) has been named among the "finest literary debuts of the late 20th century."[8] It tells the story of three generations of women in a non-linear fashion from multiple perspectives, a technique that Dorris would frequently use in his later writings as well.[17] 

His memoir The Broken Cord is credited with bringing "international attention to the problem of fetal alcohol syndrome".[9] The book won a number of awards including the Christopher Award and the National Book Critics Circle Award for General non-fiction.[19] The book is credited with inspiring Congressional legislation on FAS,[17] and was the basis for a made-for TV film,[17] with Jimmy Smits playing Dorris.[6] In an essay originally published in the Wicazo Sa Review, Elizabeth Cook-Lynn criticizes Dorris and Erdrich (who had written the Foreword), claiming that they are calling for the jailing alcoholic Native mothers during their pregnancies to forestall fetal alcohol syndrome.[20] 

When he and Erdrich co-wrote The Crown of Columbus (the only fiction that they officially share credit, although they frequently stated that they collaborated on many of each other's works), each would individually produce a preliminary draft of each section.[21] Within the novel, various characters are writing collaborators, and the work has been identified as an autobiographical representation of creative "pleasure and problems" Dorris and Erdrich shared.[22] 

His 1997 Cloud Chamber continued the story of the families introduced in Yellow Raft in Blue Water; telling "the hard story of hard people living difficult lives with much courage" (LA Times Book Review) and is written with "evocative prose" (Publishers Weekly).[23]

Dorris published three works for young adults during his life, and The Window was published after his death. Like his other work, the novels explored issues of identity, as well as sibling rivalry.[17] 

  • Native Americans Five Hundred Years After (with photographer Joseph Farber, 1975)
  • A Guide to Research on North American Indians (with Mary Byler and Arlene Hirschfelder, 1983)
  • A Yellow Raft in Blue Water (1987)
  • The Broken Cord: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and the Loss of the Future (1989)
  • The Crown of Columbus (with Louise Erdrich, 1991)
  • Route Two and Back (with Louise Erdrich, 1991)
  • Morning Girl (1992)
  • Working Men (1993)
  • Rooms in the House of Stone (1993)
  • Paper Trail (essays, 1994)
  • Guests (1995)
  • Sees Behind Trees (1996)
  • Cloud Chamber (1997)
  • The Window (1997)
  • The Most Wonderful Books: Writers on Discovering the Pleasures of Reading, edited (1997)
1.    Sharp, Michael D. (2006-09-01). Popular Contemporary Writers: Index Volume. Marshall Cavendish. pp. 551–. ISBN 9780761476016. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
2.    "Michael Dorris". Retrieved 2013-10-24.
3.    "History". 1970-03-02. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
4.    O'Reilly, Andrea (2010-04-06). Encyclopedia of Motherhood. SAGE Publications. pp. 5–. ISBN 9781412968461. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
5.    COLIN COVERT (Aug 3, 1997). "The anguished life of Michael Dorris". Retrieved 16 December 2012.
6.    New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC. 1997-06-16. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
7.    Streitfield 1997
8.    JOSIE RAWSON (Apr 21, 1997). "A broken life -". Salon. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
9.    LA Times Staff and wire reports (April 15, 1997). "Michael Dorris; Chronicler of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
10. Kate Falvey (2010). Andrea O'Reilly, ed. Encyclopedia of Motherhood, Volume 1. Sage. p. 355.
11. Linda Ledford-Miller. Emmanuel Sampath Nelson, ed. The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Multiethnic American Literature. A–C. Greenwood Press. p. 609.
12. "Search Results 1977". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
13. Lorena Laura Stookey (1999). Louise Erdrich: A Critical Companion. Greenwood Press. p. 4.
14. Quennet, Fabienne C. (2001). Where 'Indians' Fear to Tread?: A Postmoden Reading of Louise Erdrich's North Dakota Quartet. LIT Verlag Münster. pp. 223–. ISBN 9783825855987. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
15. Coltelli, Laura (1992). Winged Words: American Indian Writers Speak. U of Nebraska Press. pp. 42–. ISBN 9780803263512. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
16. Couser, G. Thomas (2004). Vulnerable Subjects: Ethics and Life Writing. Cornell University Press. pp. 209–. ISBN 9780801488634. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
17. Carnes, Mark C. (2005-05-12). American National Biography: Supplement 2: Supplement 2. Oxford University Press. pp. 149–. ISBN 9780195222029. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
18. Rawson, Josie (1997). "a broken life". Salon.
19. O'Connor, Maureen (2011-08-23). Life Stories: A Guide to Reading Interests in Memoirs, Autobiographies, and Diaries. ABC-CLIO. pp. 268–. ISBN 9781610691468. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
20. Cook-Lynn, Elizabeth. 2001. Anti-Indianism in Modern America: A Voice from Tatekeya's Earth. University of Illinois Press. p81
21. Laird, Holly A. (2000-05-11). Women Coauthors. University of Illinois Press. pp. 307–. ISBN 9780252025471. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
22. Karell, Linda K. (2002). Writing Together, Writing Apart: Collaboration in Western American Literature. U of Nebraska Press. pp. 202–. ISBN 9780803227491. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
23. Lesher, Linda Parent (2000-02-01). The Best Novels of the Nineties: A Reader's Guide. McFarland. pp. 203–. ISBN 9780786407422. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
Other sources
  • "Michael Dorris." Newsmakers 1997, Issue 4. Gale Research, 1997.
  • Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2005.
  • Gleick, Elizabeth. "An imperfect union." Time, April 28, 1997 v149 n17 p68(2)
  • "Michael Anthony Dorris." Notable Native Americans. Gale Research, 1995.
Further reading
  • Vizenor, Gerald Robert. 1999. Manifest Manners: Narratives on Postindian Survivance. University of Nebraska Press.
External links

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:
Dorris, Michael. The Broken Cord. New York: HarperPerennial, 1990. Print.
RG629.F45 D67 1990b, Young Library - 5th Floor
Dorris, Michael. A Yellow Raft in Blue Water. 1st ed. New York: H. Holt, 1987. Print.
PS3554.O695 Y4 1987, Young Library - 5th Floor
Beattie, L. Elisabeth, and Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History. Michael Dorris Oral History Project. 1998.
Special Collections Research Center Spec Coll Research Center - Oral History Collection (OHMD )