Friday, December 9, 2016

Birth Dates of Notable Kentuckians: December 9, 1919 – William Nunn Lipscomb, Jr.


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From The Kentucky Encyclopedia -

William Nunn Lipscomb, Jr., physical chemist, was born December 9, 1919, in Cleveland to William N. and Edna Patterson (Porter) Lipscomb. In the early 1920s the family moved to Lexington, where his father was a faculty member at the University of Kentucky (1922-26), serving as resident physician, head of the department of physical education, and associate professor of hygiene and public health. Lipscomb attended Sayre Elementary and Picadome High School, both in Lexington. In 1937 he entered the University of Kentucky , where he received a bachelor of science degree in 1941. In 1946 he received a Ph.D. in chemistry from the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, and then joined the department of chemistry at the University of Minnesota (1946-59). He was professor of chemistry at Harvard University during 1959-71, was chairman of that department during 1962-65, and became Abott and James Professor there in 1971.

In 1976 Lipscomb won the Nobel prize in chemistry for his work with the element boron. He had provided the majority of experimental data on boron compounds, including the study of the molecular structure of the combined gases boron and hydrogen. He wrote The Boron Hydrides (1963). In 1976 Lipscomb's work received practical application in Japan as doctors used irradiated boron in the experimental treatment of brain tumors. His honors include the Harrison Howe Award in chemistry in 1958 and the Distinguished Alumni Centennial Award of the University of Kentucky in 1965.

Lipscomb married Mary Adele Sargent on May 20, 1944. They have two children: Dorothy Jean and James Sargent.

Selected Sources from UK Libraries:

Lipscomb, William N., Thomas Arthur. Steitz, and University of Kentucky. Department of Chemistry. Regulation of Enzyme Activity. 1978.
QP601 .S970, Remote Storage

Berman, Helen M., Linus Pauling, John C. Kendrew, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, William N. Lipscomb, Herbert H. Hauptman, Jerome. Karle, American Crystallographic Association, and International Union of Crystallography. Nobel Laureates Symposium on Macromolecular Crystallography. Washington, D.C.] : American Crystallographic Association, 1988. ACA Monograph ; No. 9.
VR 91-1, Science Library, Shelved with reserves. Ask at desk.

Lipscomb, William N., Gareth R. Eaton, Don C. Wiley, and Oleg. Jardetzky. Structures and Mechanisms : From Ashes to Enzymes. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society, 2002. Print. ACS Symposium Ser. ; 827.
QD39 .S885 2002, Science Library

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